Franz Lindenmayr / Mensch und Höhle

Das Wortfeld 

"cave" - zusammengesetzte Ausdrücke / composed expressions

Es wurde immer nur eine Erwähnung aus einer Publikation aufgenommen. / Only one quotation per publication, with a few exceptions.


"Language never fits geography."  Derekt Walcott

"The words which make up human language are inadequate for those who venture into the depth of the Earth." Jules Verne, Journey to the Centre of the Earth


Die meistverwendeten Formen werden ab 3 Zitaten mit XXX gekennzeichnet

adventure cave tour "One consequence of the development of adventure cave tours has been to blur the use of the terms show cave and tourist cave." Crane, Cave 186
adventure caving "A number of show caves around the world have now extended their activities to include adventure caving in some form." Crane, Cave 195
animal cave "Animal caves (Cryptae Brutales) are dens of lions, wolves, bears, snakes and dragons, among others." Kempe, Kircher 61
anti-solo caving concept "The anti-solo caving concempt has been carried to its logical conclusion in at least one instance where the managers concluded that if two are safer and better than one, then three, four or five must be increasingly better than two." Wilson, Solo Cave Myth 21
bedding plane cave "Ogof Craig-A-Ffynnon...Beyond is 800ft of bedding plane cave and a long phreatic tunnel ending in a three dimenional maze of passages." Stratford, South Wales 21
bone cave
  • "Bacon Hole...An important bone cave which has produced the remains of a variety of animals icluding Straight-tusked Elephant." Stratford, South Wales 74
  • "Hain's papers on bone caves appeared in the Miscellanea of the Collegium Naturae Curiosum." Shaw, cave science 240
borderline cave
  • "An opening or recess in the earth which cannot be described as a 'void' - a rock shelter of cliff-side overhang - is not a cave, but if its darker pockets contain mineral formations typical of a "true cave", or provide habitat for organisms which populate caves, it may be described as a 'borderline cave.'" Crane, Cave 10
burial cave "According to Christian tradition, Jesus was entombed in a burial cave belonging to Joseph of Arimathea prior to his resurrection." Crane, Cave 147
cathedral cave
  • "The autumn trees, ravaged as they are, take on the flash of tattered flags kindling in the gloom of cool cathedral caves where gold letters on marbe pages describe death in battle and how bones bleech and burn far away in Indian sands." Woolfe, Virginia (1927): To the Lighthouse, London
cave
  • "Speleology is defined in the Oxford Dictionary as 'the scientific study of caves." Shaw, cave science 1
  • "Fingal's Cave...The cave has been the subject of numerous historical vistitation." Oldham, Scotland 54
  • "There are, so ar, no winter observations reported of this cave, yet it wuld seem to be one which would well repay the trouble." Balch, Glacières 8
cave's content "The writing review, especially travel reports of the explorers, sailors and scientists indicate that with the years the caves' content was getting poorer as the artistic objects appeared to be a tasty morsel." Ciszewski, Easter Island 41
cave's extentivness "He hoped to increase the Crystal Cave's value with an expedition that showed the cave's extentiveness." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 105
cave's exterior "In this painting we see Turner's 'grand vision of the landscape of the cave's experior, of Staffa's cliffs, of its sea and sky'." Crane, Cave 115
cave's fault "In the cave's vault there are holes through which the sky can be observed." Ciszewski, Easter Island 32
cave's food delivery service "Woodrats are an important part of the cave's food delivery service, they go above ground to eat fruit, nuts, seeds, leaves, and fungi and bring some of this food back in the cave." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 49
cave's furnishings "Roggeven...Her described the observation on the cave's furnishings." Ciszewski, Easter Island 26
cave's geology "Hovey...Being a scientist, he extensively described the cave's geology and biology." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 197
cave's healing power "By January 1843, fifteen to twenty patients lived in the cave, waiting for the cave's healing powers to cure them." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities  91
cave's length "It has a total length of 54 m to be added to the cave's length." Kempe, Galapagos 156
cave's name "There are various suggestions for the origin of the cave's name." Oldham, Scotland 54
cave's reponse "Paradiese Ice Cave...But at least our studies have revealed something of the cave's response to cycles of snowfall und produced a base for future studies there." Halliday, Glaciospeleology 33
cave's roof "However, in these cases, these later flows are in part forming the cave's roof with the primary roof missing." Kempe, Galapagos 149
cave's shaft "The second cave's shaft is a little deeper." Ciszewski, Easter Island 32
caves-"workshops" "Alfred Metraux quotes the information written by Felipe Gonzalez (1970) about caves inhabited by the locals and caves-"workshops" wihich were producing bone or obsidian ware." Ciszewski, Easter Island 25
cave accident "Hubert Kessler is the person who suffered the first registered cave accident in year 1921." Hegedüs, cave rescue in Hungary 54
cave action "Warning: This book contains cave action beyond crawling." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 180
cave air
  • "Evidence shows that cave air can reduce the severity of asthma for many people, but s the benefit worth the negative effect of radon?" O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 99
  • "In November 1842, Mammoth Cave owner Dr. John Croghan brougth 15 tubercolosis patients to the cave with the hope of curing the disease with the constant temperature and purity of the cave air."Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 108 
  • "Condensation corrosion occurs when cold air flows into caves and encounters the warmer wet cave air, or when hot wet air cools as it comes into contact with a cold surface." Ellis, Wombeyan 42
cave animal
  • "Even non-fiction books about cave animals other than bats are scarce." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 31
  • "Cave animals have been subject of study since the middle of the nineteenth century in Europe and China, although the formal discipline of biospeleology has existed only since the middle of the nineteenth century." Engel, Microbes 22
  • "On the other side of the argument Louis Agassiz (1851), a strong opponent of Lamarck and later of Darwin, used cave animals as evidence fo rthe special creation of species." Shaw, cave science 228
cave archeologist "British cave archeologist Edmund J. Mason explains his own attraction to searching out new territory underground in hias book Caves and Caving in Britain." Crane, Cave 66
cave archeology
  • "Interest in dark-zone cave archeology in the United States, which dates back to the late nineteenth century, accelerated in the latter half of the twentieth century with many significant discoveries." Crane, Cave 67
  • "Despite Boyd Dawkin's primary interest in cave archeology, the book contains a significant amount on other branches of cave study including speleogenesis and the growth of speleothems." Shaw, cave science 245
cave area
  • "The cappers' stand looked like general information booths for the whole cave area rather than for just a single cave or group of caves under one owner." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities  113
  • "They supply written comments and oral testimony on wilderness plans and master plans for cave areas on government land." Tom Rea on 26
cave art
  • "Cave art challenges the geological versus human binary opposition...cave art endures." Crane, Cave 108
    "cave owl" from grotte Chauvet, Ardèche, on a t-shirt, 2022
  • "The first cave art to be recognised as prehistoric consisted of pieces of carved bone." Shaw, cave science 227
cave artist "Als John Canady explains, 'Where the natural rock is either convex or concave in form suggesting an animal's body or a portion of it, the cave artist frequently capitalized on this form as a beginning and adapted his drawing to its contours." Crane, Cave 109
cave art site "In North America cave are sites are spread across the western states, the Southwest, the Midwest and the south-eastern states." Crane, Cave 110
cave atmosphere
  • "Exposure to cave atmospheres and thereby to alpha-radiation in the Transvaal occurs on three levels." Gamble, Alpha-radiation 258
  • "Each day the water in the cave is pumped out, filtered and returned as mist to maintain humidity levels and the moist cave atmosphere." Crane, Cave 179
cave bat "The earliest surveys of cave fauna from Wombeyan Caves were probably those in the late 1950s and 60s by scientists such as Elery Hamilton-Smith and Barbara Dew who were primarily studying cave bats." Ellis, Wombeyan 121
cave bear bones "Esper who found them together with cave bear bones in Gailenreuth in 1771." Shaw, cave science 226
cave beast "The main character sees the worst possible result of wandering away from your tour at Mammoth Cave when he gets lost und meets a scary cave beast." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 185
cave beetle "Crickets provide most of the guano eaten in Mammoth Cave, though critters also eat guano from cave beetles, bats, and woodrats." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 32
cave biologist "Troglobiont..this term is popular with cave biologists." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 31
cave bone "Important collections of cave bones were also formed in the 18th and 19th century." Shaw, cave science 241
cave  burial "The cave burials indicate that the bodies wrapped up in mats were at first exposed to the "mumifying" action of the atmospheric conditions and then brought into the caves." Ciszewski, Easter Island 44
cave calcite "It used to be thought that the brown colouration of cave calcite was due to iron, but this has been shown to be incorrect: the colour is mainly organic." Ellis, Wombeyan 73
cave cartographer "Ghosh explains tht 'People open the book accoding to their taste and training, their memories and desires. for a geologist the compilation opens at one page, for a biologist another, and still another for an archaeologist, a cave cartographer and so on." Crane, Cave 36
cave catalogue "In 1896 W.S.Blatchley, the Director of this Survey, published his 91-page Indiana Caves and their Fauna, a forerunner of the many regional cave catalogues issued by the state surveys of the present day." Shaw, cave science 243
cave ceiling "The large fallen blocks in the bottom of the Opera House and the Cathedral have fallen from the cave ceiling before they were filed with sediment and planed flat by paragenesis." Ellis, Wombeyan 67
cave chamber "On a hot summer night with insects singing from the street trees, Szabolcs and I slipped through a gap in a heavy steel gate, unlocked a door set into bedrock, followed a tunnel that had been blasted into the limestone, and emerged in a flooded cave chamber below the city." McFarland, Underland 199
cave church
  • "Today the cave church of San Giovanni d'Antro, which was completely restored in the fifteenth century, clings to a mountainside in the Julian Alps, partly constructed externally, and partly built into the cave." Crane, Cave 153
cave community
  • "The cave cricket, an important member of the cave community." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 42
  • "These species and their remnants can provide a source of food for cave communities." Ellis, Wombeyan 121 12
cave connection "The cave connection to health goes back a long time." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 96
cave conservation
  • "cave conservation: There are conservationsists and preservationsits." Tom Rea on, 26
  • "We have published some handout brochures about caving courtesy and about cave conservation that emphasize the owners' rights and desires." Tom Rea on, 26
  • "Cave conservation can be best summed up as "The best possible uns of our existing caves." Oldham, Scotland x
cave continuation "This is what we had all been hoping for - a dry cave continuation of unknown length, and of course somewhere where the cumbersome diving gear could be dumped while exploring." Lewis, Nullabor Plain 9
cave coral "The walls and speleothems are covered in cave coral that have included in their structure bluegreen and pink cyanobacteria." Ellis, Wombeyan 51
cave country "High-tech methods are used in cave-country to find voids that could influence where to build heavy structures." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 108
cave crayfish "This ability makes it possible for cave crayfish to be in any aquatic community in the cave, from rimstone pools at upper levels to the lowest base-level streams." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 36
cave cricket
  • "Trogloxenes, such as bats, wood rats, and cave crickets, leave the cave at night to eat at the surface smorgasbord of plants, fungi, prey, and carrion." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 32
  • "Some of the organisms that live in caves and aquifer are able to move freely in and out of cave (e.g. trogloxenes, such as bats and cave crickets), whereas other organisms are more likely to be dependent on transport or translocation to move them into or throughout a cave." Engel, Microbes 22
  • "Trogloxenes...Included in this group are bats that roost and breed in caves, as well as cave crickets." Ellis, Wombeyan
cave critter "It's time to bring cave critters out of the dark." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 31 
cave crustacea "Pitnam did not believe that the blindness and tactile acuteness of cave crustacea were the result of adaptation of surface species." Shaw, cave science 228
cave curtain "Below the Temple Cave is the Dark Cave, the largest of the Batu Caves, a 2-km network of caverns containing elaborate formations such as cave curtains, flow stones, cave pearls and scallops; it, too, is open to the public." Crane, Cave 156
cave dark zone "George Crothers, P. Willey and Patty Jo Watson remind us, 'no ancient people ever actually inhabited cave dark zones', though they did use them 'as storage locales, depositories for the dead of places to contact the spirit world." Crane, Cave 149
cave database "Cave databases listed caves that were clearly small fragments of a larger relict drainage system as distinct, separate caves." Crane, Cave 38
cave decoration "When cave decorations are added to a marble background the display is magnificent." Ellis, Wombeyan 40
cave-dependence "Guano-dependence is a separate issue to cave-dependance, however there are species tht are restricted to guano deposits and caves." Ellis, Wombeyan 125
cave-dependent "Troglobites and stygobites are collectively described as cave-dependent fauna." Ellis, Wombeyan 121
cave deposit
  • "Cave deposits are a history book for the ice ages." Crane, Cave 36
  • "From the 1900s-1940s, many cave deposits were considered to have a microbiological origin, even if researchers could not prove it until more recently, including cave nitrate (saltpeter or saltpetre) deposits, carbonate moonmilk, and other speleothems." Engel, Microbes 23
  • "The guano piles are a major source of the element posphorous in cave deposits." Ellis, Wombeyan 65
cave depth "While traces of prehistoric journeys into cave depths can only tell us partial stories, the distinctive experience of 'being-in-a-cave' suggests that Stone Age cave visitors had something in common with today's explorers." Crane, Cave 69
cave description
  • "In both scientific and non-scientific language, the lexicon of cave description is fundamentally dependent on the vocabulary of human life on the surface," Crane, Cave 10
  • "Another way in which information about caves was promulgated was in the form of compilations of cave descriptions for particular regions." Shaw, cave science 245
cave development
  • "However, we still are far from understanding cave development associated with flowing lava in all its facets." Kempe, Galapagos 144
  • "In Wonder Cave we had an indication of the vast scale of cave development in Hidden Valley, but hard caving at 33° for 14 hours was no joke and the Hidden Valley camp was hard to supply, so logistics dictated that we concentrate our efforts in the more accessible caves borderung the Melinau flood plain." Brook, D., Waltham, A.C. (1979): The Underworld of Mulu, part 2, Caving International Magazine 2, p 5
  • "Modern cave development attempts to leave much of the natural cave surfaces untouched, for example, by suspending walkways." Ellis, Wombeyan 41
cave diameter
  • "David Gillieson, an expert in the conservation and management of caves and karst, suggests that the rule of human entry implies a minimum cave diameter of 0.3 m, while one character in Robert Penn Warren's novel THE CAVE (1959) jokes that 'a cave is no place for a fat man'." Crane, Cave 12
cave discovery "The presence of military garrisons provided opportunities for local exploration in certain districts and they were responsible for some cave discoveries in Australia and Gibraltar." Shaw, cave science 60
cave dive "Beyond the 300-metre mark of the sump no silt is deposited, and Cocklebiddy treats us again to the brillant visibility and while walls of other Nullarbor cave dives." Lewis, Nullabor Plain 9
cave diver
  • "Sheck Exley - regarded by his peers as one of the greatest cave divers ever, and in 1994, the year of his death, the holder of the record for the deepet dive - summoned up the lure of cave diving in autobiography, Caverns Measureless to Man." Crane, Cave 89
  • "In Cameron's film the curmudgeonly veteran cave diver Frank McGuire recites the poem to himself and later to his son in moments of awe or desperation." Crane, Cave 127
  • "Tough luck for cavers, but a real bonanza for cave divers." Lewis, The Nullabor Plain 4
cave diving "While such statements are common in tales of cave exploration, they are ubiquitous in accounts of cave diving - unquestionalbly the most dangerous way to explore the earth's wild places." Crane, Cave 85
cave-diving expeditions "A series of ambitious cave-diving expeditions in the last eight years have discovered sumps of enormous size, length and clarity, in several caves." Lewis, Nullabor Plain 3
cave diving record "The current world cave-diving record is held by Australians in Cocklebiddy Cave - 2,000 metres along a single straight tunnel with no end yet in sight." Lewis, Nullabor Plain 3
cave diving team "Two members of a cave-diving team, Wes Skiles and Agnes Milkowka, who in 2008 ventured into the 'scientific trove' of the blue hole of the Bahamas on a research expedition funded by National Geographic, have since died in diving accidents." Crane, Cave 87
cave dog "No robots, no cave dogs - just you, your gear, and your fellow cavers." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 101
cave dragon "The good lady at the restaurant acts the part of the old-fashioned cave dragon, and he had to appease her by handing over four sous as a preliminary to exploration." Balch, Glacières 10
cave drip "Two caves have been chosen as study sites due to ease of access to acitve cave drips and the presence of broken fossil stalagmites." Ellis, Wombeyan 77
cave dripwater "This illustrates the large storage capacity of the bedrock, and the importance of matrix flow paths in the maintenance of cave dripwater discharge and, in turn, the precipitation of calcite, during dry spells." Ellis, Wombeyan 80
cave dweller
  • "Learning to empathize with the life of this most iconic of cave-dwellers requires going 'down on your elbows and knees', for which 'You'll need a speleologist's desire for rebirth..." Crane, Cave 42
  • "Troglobite..a permanent cave dweller." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 31
  • "The paintings in the numerous Bhimbetka rock shelters in India's Madhya Pradesh state, ...depict scenes from the lives of the cave-dwellers,  as well as animals including bison." Crane, Cave 110
cave-dwelling "Araiteuru is a cave-dwelling taniwha associated with the Hokianga harbour." Crane, Cave 105
cave earwigs "Deer Cave...The alternative route is up over guano-covered, very exposed ledges crawling with cave earwigs, followed by a scramble through pinnacles down to the beach." Brook, Waltham, Mulu part 1, 3
cave ecology "Whether or not they have commercial significance, they are an integral part of the cave ecology." Ellis, Wombeyan 134
cave ecosystem "However, there is still much to be learned about obligate cave fauna, nutrient cycling, and cave ecosystems dynamics." Engel, Microbes 22
cave employee "Cave employee by day, pro-wrestling fan by night, Johnny Merideth saw a man he thought looked like wrestler Jim Cornette at the visitor center bookstore around 2010." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 206
cave entrance
  • "The cave entrance led via a squeeze through a bould ruckle into a narrow, vertical shaft forty-five feet deep, which was aptly name the Letter-box." Eyre, Cave Explorers 7
  • "Either near the cave entrance or in its vicinity there was a stone earth oven called umu pae." Ciszewski, Easter Island 26
  • "The absence of light and plants beyond cave entrances makes for just these few dining options." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 32
    Main entrance Mammoth Cave
cave environment
  • "They use the cave as suitable for clandestine activity, to be carried out not so much from eyes but above all from prying noses. in fact, the cave environment, thanks to the very high humidity level, breaks dowon any possible perfume deriving from the distilllation activity, thus making it impossible to identify the clandestine distillery." Garberi, Forti, USI Impropri (?) 100
  • "The commercial history of Jenolan Caves dates back to the 1861 visit of the local politician John Lucas (who did much to ensure the preservation of the fragile cave environment, and after whom the Lucas Cave is namen.)". Crane, Cave 163
  • "Apart from being an eyesore, various types of litter can poison the cave environment for the many microscopic animals who have made the cave their home." Oldham, Scotland x
cave episode "By far the most famous cave episode in American literature is found in Mark Twain's The Adventure of Tom Sawyer." Crane, Cave 140
cave experience
  • "The cave, especially Star Chamber, apparently impressed Emerson because ten years later he described his cave experience at the beginning of his essag "Illusions": But I then took notice, and still chiefly remember, that the best thing which the cave had to offer was an illusion." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities  200
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cave expert
  • "Lazaro Pakarati..He is regarded as a cave expert." Ciszewski, Easter Island 47
  • "It is remarkable, for instance, how many of the specialist terms in a cave expert's glossary appeared between 1880 and 1920 - from words to describe surface karstic terrain (doline, karren) to names for solution formations (helictite, frostwork)." Crane, Cave 33
cave exploit "They were about to explore Peg Leg Pot, a cave discovered by a well-known northern caver, Dick Hilton, a member of the NPC noted for his caving exploits, which he achieved with an artificial leg, having left the original in Italy." Eyre, Cave Explorers 46
cave exploration
  • "Cave exploration remains one of the last pursuits in the world wheere the participant can find breath-taking sights no one has seen before." Eyre, Cave Explorers VIII
  • "In spite of prohibition the Spaniards began the cave exploration and went into two of the caves in Roiho und Poike regions." Ciszewski, Easter Island 53
  • "Dawkins traces the history of European cave exploration to insist that by 1874 it was'impossible to shut our eyes to the continuity the exists between geology, archaeology,biology, and history - sciences which at first sight appear isolated from each other." Crane, Cave 31
cave explorer
  • "In 2005 three horror films depicted cave explorers trapped underground and hunted by monstrous predators." Crane, Cave 13
  • "Does it go? This is the question that hooks the cave explorer and drives his/her curiosity towards an answer." Crane, Cave 79
  • "He wore a long black frock coat and black trousers, thin boots and a linen shirt, certainly not hte ideal outfit for a cave explorer." Balch, Glacières 3
cave exploring
  • "Formal, coordinated networks of scientists and explorers who shared a passion for caves began to emerge in the 1880s with the establishment of cave-exploring societies, across Europe." Crame, Cave 32
  • "The fact that some people turned to cave exploring in particular may have been a matter of chance in some cases, but cave work would tend to appeal particularly in those whose sense of curiosity was strongly developed." Shaw, cave science 246
cave exploring society "Conferences devoted entirely to the history of cave studies include one at Vienna in 1979 to mark the formation of the earliest cave exploring society one hundred years before." Shaw, cave science 4
cave fauna
  • "But in cave fauna we find the process reversed: the complex forms are reverting to those that are more simple." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 108
  • "However, there is still much to be learned about obligate cave fauna, nutrient cycling, and cave ecosystems dynamics." Engel, Microbes 22
  • "The rare cave fauna need undisturbed environments for survival just as the speleothems need uncontaminated evironments to appear as they do." Ellis, Wombeyan 41
cave fear "The tale takes advantage of three common cave fears - being caught in total darkness, getting lost, and coming across dangerous animals that lurk in the dark." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 185
cave fish
  • "The five-inch-long northern cave fish lives in the generally calm waters of base-level rivers." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 32
  • "Eigenmann..He had worked on the blind cave fish Amblyopsis spelaeus in the 1890s, and for several years after 1900 specimens were kept in tanks in his department." Shaw, cave science 242
cave floor
  • "There are many loose rocks and loose broken speleothems on the cave floor." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 16
  • "Once past the pools, the cave floor fell away at a forty-five degree angle over smooth deposits of flowstone an deep gour pools, and the passage widened into a huge rift." Eyre, Cave Explorers 83
  • "The cave floor beneath roosting colonies of bats is covered by deposits of their guano and urine, as well as discarded prey and bat carcasses." Ellis, Wombeyan 124

 

cave flora "The characteristics of cave flora are altogether different to those of the specialised fauna." Shaw, cave science 228
cave formation
  • "On the coast in the region of Mataveri o tai there are the best known and most frequented cave formations." Ciszewski, Easter Island 37
  • Until the early decades of the twentieth century, geologists, archaeologists and other scientists who ventured underground did not share a specialized vocabulary with which to describe caves in rich detail, advance their theories about cave formation or classify the life forms they discovered in the damp and the dark." Crane, Cave 33
  • "In Europe, taking powdered cave formations medicinally faded out in the 1700s." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities  96
    Carlsbad Caverns, New Mexico, USA
cave furniture "In the past the walls and floors of caves have been damaged by the passage of visitors and my the installation of cave furniture and lights." Ellis, Wombeyan 41
cave gazetteer "The lengthy geographical list of bone caves forms one of the mearliest significant cave gazetteers, but it does contain some careless factual errors." Shaw, cave science 244
cave gear
  • "In addition to basic cave gear needed for any cave trip (boots, helmet, light, first aid pack), explorers need survey instruments." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 107
cave geology "In recounting the legend of Pool the robber Hobbes appears to offer an implicit rejection of the approbation of cave geology by mythology and folklore." Crane, Cave 95
cave god "Hijau Lubang...Once more the cave god smiled, however, and provided a road along a wide ledge for 45 meters acoross the walls of the pit." Brook, Waltham, Mulu part 1, S. 5
cave group "Another very early cave group was the Section Küstenland des Deutschen und Österreichischen Alpenvereins." Shaw, cave science 247
cave guide
  • "Working as a cave guide for twenty-plus years, I have encountered many of fascinating topics." O'Connor Olsen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 15
  • "The cave guide is exposed to similar conditions for lengthy periods and usually has additional limited exposure to conditions more severe in terms of accessibility and inhalation." Gamble, Alpha-radiation 258
  • "The first official cave guide is believed to have been Hans-Jürgen Becker, who conducted tours of Baumann's Cave in Germany from 1668, while trained cave guides were employed at the 
    Ojcow caves in Poland from around 1810." Crane, Cave 160
cave guidebook "John Hutton's A Tour to the Caves, in the environs of Ingleborough and Settle, in the West-Riding of Yorkshire, published in 1780, is one of the earliest cave guidebooks." Crane, Cave 160
cave habitat
  • "The cave habitat is divided into three major zones based on light intensity, entrance, twilight, and dark zone." Engel, Microbes 22
  • "However, Smith also provided important first-hand observations of invertebrate communities associated with different cave habitats." Ellis, Wombeyan 121
cave history "Scallops...Their ability to show both flow speed and direction makes scallops an extremely useful tool in reconstructiong cave history." Ellis, Wombeyan 67
cave house "Two of the six figurines illustrate dwellings carved out of underground cavities. the village of Cliff-Dwellers in Colorado and cave houses in the Sierra del Guadix, in Almeria (Spain). Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 105
cave hunter
  • Dawkins presents the 'cave-hunter' as a figure of an advanced intellectual age in which scientists could work unhindered by pagan superstitions or religious dogma." Crane, Cave 31
cave hunting
  • "Dawkins describes a 'new science of cave-hunting' comprised of two integrated divisions of study - the physical and the biological." Crane, Cave 29
cave hydrology
  • "Karst is the root word in a whole suite of specialist terms in cave hydrology and geology, from pseudokarst for landscapes analogous to karst but formed by non-dissolutional processes, to epikarst for the highly porous uppermost zone of soluble rock, and paleokarst for ancient kast features dating from an earlier period of karstification." Crane, Cave 27
cave image "As Michael Ray Taylor succinctly puts it, 'Cave images and anecdotes permeate world mythology." Crane, Cave 90
cave imaginery
  • "Such employement of cave imaginery to cue emotional and intellectual responses is one aspect of the 'complex negations of nature and culture', which reveals that the long history of human engagement with the natural world has shaped our view of ourselves." Crane, Cave 15
cave-in "It is not the place for sponsored walks, cave-ins, or sit-ins." Oldham, Scotland xi
cave interest "Despite the cave interests of several 19th century arvhaoeloogical and natural history societies, none of them developed into a club concerned with the broad aspects of cave study and exploration." Shaw, cave science 246
cave interior
  • "It appears that Englert explored the cave interior." Ciszewski, Easter Island 31
cave invertebrate "This means that most cave invertebrates rely on external food sources where the food webs are based on bacteria that do not need light to survive, but these are not known at Wombeyan." Ellis, Wombeyan 122
cave investigation "This was followed up in 1876 by an unsuccessful attempt to organise cave investigations in all the Australian colonies." Shaw, cave science 60
cave lair "The man-cub Mowgli is adopted and brought up by the Wolf family in their cave lair in Rudyard Kiplings' The Jungle Book." Crane, Cave 123
cave lake "Nullabor Plain..Most of these cave lakes have been visited infrequently by white men over the past 100 years, and three of them have had pumps installed for stock water supplies." Lewis, Nullabor Plain 4
cave landmark
  • "Horace Hovey...his books include descriptions of the tour routes and cave landmarks populaar with other early writers, but he covered thd cave mor thoruoughly than most writers." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 197
cave life
  • "Less suited for long-term cave life than cave crickets, camel crickets go outside to eat every two or three days, so they live near damp entrances." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 44
  • "Do not dump carbide in or outside of a cave. This can seriously upset cave life as well as being unsightly." Stratford, South Wales 7
cave-like
  • "The visual imagery of a cave-like space heightens our emotional identification with Clarice, and symbolizes the dark recesses of the mind of the madman who hunts her." Crame, Cave 15
  • "Troglophile - an animal that may live its entire life in a cave but can also live above ground or in a cavelike habitat. The term literally means "cave lover." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities31
  • "Unroofed caves are identified by their cave-like shape and by the presence of cave deposits such as flowstone or stalagmites." Ellis, Wombeyan 62
cave line "On 8 January 2005, Shaw died at a depth of 270 m, connected to dreyer's headless body by the taut cave line in which he had become entangled." Crane, Cave 87
cave literature
  • "While the impossibility of capturing the earth's reality in words is not peculiar to the spaces beneath its surface, cave literature frequently reveals a heightened awareness of the limits of language in relation to natural phenomena." Crane, Cave 11
  • "Some twenty years later another of the classics of cave literature appeared, a book in two volumes by Rosenmüller and Tilesius." Shaw, cave science 245
cave locality "At Wombeyan, the caves are developed in marble rather than limestone so what we see both at the surface and in the caves can be different from what is seen at other cave localities." Ellis, Wombeyan 55
cave location "We also try to prevent publication of cave locations in anything intended für the general public." Tom Rea on, 26
cave lover "Troglophile - an animal that may live its entire life in a cave but can also live above ground or in a cavelike habitat. The term literally means "cave lover." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities31
cave management specialist "Mike wiles, the cave management specialist at Jewel Cave, shared his story." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 15
cave man image "The popular notion that modern-day humans descend from the 'cave-man' imagines such sites as precursors to houses and other buildings." Crane, Cave 69
cave map
  • "After caving itself, the activity that most brings together dedicated cave explorers und cave scientists is the production of cave maps." Crane, Cave 37
  • "In 1845, he drew a map of the cave mostly from memory and from his knowledge of older cave maps he was able to view while staying at Locust Grove." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 103
  • "The shape of cave maps and plans gives us some indication of how they formed." Ellis, Wombeyan 66
cave mapping "The celebrated scientist und speleologist Arthur N. Palmer identifies cave mapping as an 'essential skill for any speleologist' and 'the first step in obtaining quantitative data about caves." Crane, Cave 37
cave memorabilia "Or maybe woodrats are like some human Mammoth Cave enthusiasts - curious critters that collect cave memorabilia." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 51
cavemen
  • "Were the Native Americans at Mammoth Cave "cavemen"?" O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 72
  • "Emerging from the cave, I was once more in the sunlit world of twentieth-century France, back again with my own brand of primitive cavemen as we moved on the lush, wooded foothills of the Pyrénées." Eyre, Cave Explorers 73
  • "I had been visited by a reporter from the Daily Express who had me loading and unloading my Ford van serveral times and then published a photograph, and half a column on my wife Rose, with headlines that read Nymphomaniac cooks for forty cavemen -or something like that." Eyre, Cave Explorers 123
cave metaphor
  • "The powerful association of light with knowledge (and darkness with ignorance) also underpins the use of cave metaphors in theories of dreams and the unconcious, most famously by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung." Crane, Cave 16
cave microbe "Cave and karst microbes were thought to be a subset of surface microbes flushed into caves from meteoric drip waters, surface streams and air currents, or carried into the caves by animals." Engel, Microbes 23
cave microbial community "Consequently, the genetic diversity of cave and karst microbial communities may be particularly important to characterize and understand microbial species and ecotype concepts because of the global distribution of caves having similar hysico-chemical constraints from cave zone to cave zone, and frm cave to cave in different regions." Engel, Microbes 23
cave microflora "Cave microflora - the microscopic bacteria and funghi that live and often thrive in limestone caves- comprise a considerable proportion of the overall cavebiota, but they often overworked as signifikant karst life-forms." Ellis, Wombeyan 133
cave micro-organism "Two specific examples of cave micro-organisms with potential commercial interest are cited by Steele." Ellis, Wombeyan 134
cave mineral
  • "Some people today still believe that caves and cave minerals have the power to heal." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities  96
  • "Bat and bird guano is the source for many of the less auspicious cave minerals." Ellis, Wombeyan 52
cave mining operation "In 1814, Mammoth Cave manager Archibald Miller wrote to slave owner John Hendrick about a slave leased to work in the cave mining operation." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 95
cave mouth
  • "The black opening of the cave mouth stood out starkly against the snow and surrounding limestone." Eyre, Cave Explorers 74
  • "'What is the strange instinct, impelling us to explore, which the sight of a cave mouth arouses?'" Crane, Cave 66
  • "The river disappeared in rapids into a cave mouth 15 metres high by 15 metres wide." Montgomery, Atea Expeditions 8
cave mushroom "In the largest of these caves, known since Roman times and used for the extraction of stones, since 1970 the champignon-type cave mushroom have been cultivated." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 113
cave network
  • "Yet exploration by 200 British potholers over a 40-year-period culminated in 2011 in the connection of more than 102 km of passages that stretch under Cumbria, Lancashire and Yorkshire, making the Three Counties System the longst cave network in Britain." Crane, Cave
  • "In China's Chongquing province, a cave network explored in 2013 was found to possess its own weather system: ladders of stacked mist that build in a huge central hall, cold fog that drifts in giant cloud chambers for from the reach of the sun." McFarlane, Underland 11
cave nitrate "From the 1900s-1940s, many cave deposits were considered to have a microbiological origin, even if researchers could not prove it until more recently, including cave nitrate (saltpeter or saltpetre) deposits, carbonate moonmilk, and other speleothems." Engel, Microbes 23
cave opening
  • "Cave openings are gaping 'mouths' into the dark 'gullets' of the earth." Crane, Caves 11
  • "A short trip into the entrance of a cave, when ridge walking, to determine if it goes and what kind of trip may be needed in the future, may save everyone in the group considerable time when a number of new potential cave openings are found." Wilson, Solo Cave Myth 21
cave organisation leader "The fact that the list is so short might indicate that solo caving is insignificant, if it were not for the fact that practically the entire list of solo cavers are people who are respected for their accomplishments in caving and include a number of well-known cave organisation leaders." Wilson, Solo Cave Myth 20
cave overhang "At the cave entrance, conditions most resemble the surface, but the cave overhang provides protection from the sun and weather." Ellis, Wombeyan 121
cave owner
  • "This historic fiction mixed with fantasy features historic cave guides Stephen Bishop and Mat and Nick Bransford, cave owner Dr. John Croghan, P.T. Barnum, and former vice president Aaron Burr." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 181
  • "We've made some half-hearted attempts (to have a cave owner's education programme)." Tom Rea on, 26
  • "The Greatest Natural Curiosity in America and an ideal summer resort, with the Cave Hotel able to accomodate up to 500 guests, who could avial themselves of the tours conducted by slaves of the cave owners." Crane, Cave 162
cave owner committee "We have a cave owners committee which is supposed to do this sort of work, but no one is willing to take on the job, so the job is vacant." Tom Rea on, 26
cave painting
  • "Numerous petroglyphs and cave paintings seen everywhere are the expression of the ancient rapanui culture." Ciszewski, Easter Island 41
  • "In Central America Mayan cave paintings have been found in Yucatan, Mexico, and in the Caribbean a significant concentration of cave art from the last two millenia can be found in Cuba and in the Dominican Republic." Crane, Cave 111
cave passage
  • "The carbon dioxide-rich air in Kacna jama, Slovenia, is caused by the seepage underground of waste from a paper mill - a reminder that even the remotest cave passages are parts of intetrated natural systems which link the earth's surface and its depths.2 Crane, Cave 22
  • "However, such is the way of cavers, that it was eighteen years before full documentation was complete and even as it left the printers, it was out of date, because even more cave passages had been discovered." Eyre, Cave Explorers 35
  • "Cave passages are just space." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 7
cave pearl
  • "Below the Temple Cave is the Dark Cave, the largest of the Batu Caves, a 2-km network of caverns containing elaborate formations such as cave curtains, flow stones, cave pearls and scallops; it, too, is open to the public." Crane, Cave 156
  • "Cave pearls are also best preserved in the wild caves as they occur in small water filled hollows frequently found on the floor, that area of the cave most vulnerable to destruction by visitors." Ellis, Wombeyan 52
  • "Buckland..According to his manuscript notes for these lectures he discussed speleothems (including mondmilch, cave pearls, flos ferri and aragonite) and cave bone deposits." Shaw, cave science 242
cave people "We don't know what they used gypsum for, but making paint und plaster are ancient uses for gypsum, so the Mammoth Cave people may have been doing that." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 73
cave personnel "In addition, it appears that cave personnel should be rotated with surface occupations in some instance in order to reduce exposures." Gamble, Alpha-Radiation 254
cave phenomen "They did not usually contain any new explanations of cave phenomena but, by recording a mass of information in a way in which it could be used, they did form an important step in the progressive knowledge of the region concerned." Shaw, cave science 245
cave petroglyph site "The main cave petroglyph sites occur in four karst areas across southern Australia. near Pearth, the Nullabor Plain, Mount Gambier and Buchan." Crane, Cave 113
cave photographer "Pioneering underwater cave photographers Wes Skiles and Jull Heinerth have taken the art of underwater photography and cinematography to levels that few could have imagined even as recently as the beginning of this century." Crane, Cave 123
cave photography "Cave photography was utilised quit early in Australia." Shaw, cave science 61
cave plan "Oliver Trickett...He produced innumerable cave plans and maps of cave areas between 1897 and 1919 and, besides publishing lengthy reports of official publicatons." Shaw, cave science 61
cave poem "The myriad ways caves have been used, literally and metaphorically, in literature over more than a millenium are succinctly captured in three 'cave poems': Coleridge's 'Kubla Khan', W. H. Auden's 'In Praise of Limestone' and Robert Penn Warren's 'Speleology'." Crane, Cave 127
cave population "Under these conditions, surface populations becave extinct while cave populations persisted and adapted to the cave environment." Ellis, Wombeyan 121
cave potential "Several other caves were explored, and we decided to return the following year to explore the cave potential on the Plateau de Thusac aove Archianne, which held the promise of deep caves." Eyre, Cave Explorers 86
cave prospecting "Cave prospecting in the dense forstes of New Guinea is much slower than in the open alpine limestone of Europe and North America, and hence expeditions to date have still largeley only scratched the surface." Montgomery, Atea Expeditions 7
cave publication "Their specialist cave publications not only increased the amount of speleological material published but it made it more readily available to the people who had an immediate interest in it." Shaw, cave science 246
cave racer "In Malaysia, where caves have a warm, snake-friendly temperature, snakes called cave racers do live deep in caves, where they eat bats and swiftlets." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 57
cave radiation level "To date investigation of cave radiation levels has been very limited." Gamble, Alpha-radiation 255
cave refuge "Englert distinguished also the caves-refuges whe the fugitives were hiding during intertribal war." Ciszewski, Easter Island 31
cave region "If you want a quick cave, there's Diamond Caverns, it's well lit, it's in the cave region." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 112
cave research
  • "By the end of the century, ten speleological societies were active in Europe; the most important of these for the future of serious cave research was Martel's Societe de Speleologie, establisched in Paris in 1895." Crane, Cave 32
  • "The influence of universities in cave research has increased over the years until today it is quit significant." Shaw, cave science 241
cave residence "Robinson Crusoe...Indeed he feels so secure after discovering his second cave residence, his vaulted 'Retreat', that he 'fancy'd (him)self now like one of the ancient Giants, which are said to live in Caves and Holes in the Rocks, where one could come at them." Crane, Cave 134
cave rescue
  • "In the difficult task of cave rescue, where the injured must be moved through the harshest of terrains, his contributions have been outstanding." Eyre, Cave Explorers VII
  • "The difficuly of cave rescue as distinct from mountain rescue or other forma of wilderness rescue was recognized with the formation of the Cave Rescue Organisation in Yorkshire in 1935 (the world's first cave rescue organisation) and the Mendip Rescue Organisation (renamed Mendip Cave Rescue in 2008) in Somerset the following year." Crane, Cave 83
  • "In the event of an accident requiring the necessity to call for cave rescue the following procedure should be followed..." Stratford, South Wales 7
cave rescue accident "Later in 1932 a cave rescue accident was the reason to establish the first Rescue Society of Counties and Cities." Hegedüs, cave rescue in Hungary 54
cave rescue attempt "By this time the alarm had been raised above ground, and what was at the time one of the largest cave-rescue attempts in history began." McFarlane, Underland 42
cave rescue equipment "More than 50 presentations concerning cave-rescue equipment, problems, methodology, first aid, rescue training, accident origin statistics and cave rescue organisations were given." Hegedüs, cave rescue in Hungary 56
cave rescue operation "The first recognized cave rescue operation in Hungary was in 1927." Hegedüs, cave rescue in Hungary 54
cave rescue organisation
  • "The difficuly of cave rescue as distinct from mountain rescue or other forma of wilderness rescue was recognized with the formation of the Cave Rescue Organisation in Yorkshire in 1935 (the world's first cave rescue organisation) and the Mendip Rescue Organisation (renamed Mendip Cave Rescue in 2008) in Somerset the following year." Crane, Cave 83
  • "More than 50 presentations concerning cave-rescue equipment, problems, methodology, first aid, rescue training, accident origin statistics and cave rescue organisations were given." Hegedüs, cave rescue in Hungary 56
cave rescue team "Cave rescue teams were called out." Eyre, Jim (1981): The Cave Explorers, The Stalactite Press, Calgary 67
cave rescue warden "Remain at the phone until you are contacted by a Cave Rescue Warden" Stratford, South Wales 7
cave rescuer "The Romanian cave rescuers and he HCRS were alerted at 2 p.m.." Hegedüs, cave rescue in Hungary 56
cave rocky relief "Speleogens, also called cave rocky relief, are smallscale solution sculptures that develop on the walls, ceilings and floors of caves." Ellis, Wombeyan 67
cave roof
  • "After wading through the stream for around 56 m, Casteret found himself in a 'disaging spot' where the cave roof disappeared below the water, and where the celebrated cave scientist René Gabriel Jeannel had previously been forced to stop." Crane, Cave 86
  • "Thus, the cave belongs to the "infationary" pyroducts, i.e., the cave roof formed first and the lava kept flowing underneath invisible to any surface observer (had there been one)." Kempe, Galapagos 157
  • "Hazards change from snow blindness to blizzards in a matter of minutes, and there is risk of falling through thin portions of the cave roof into one of the streams." Halliday, Glaciospeleology 32
cave room "Samples from the cave rooms called Methodist Church and Violet City show that it has been about 2.27 million years since the large sediments were washed into thos areas." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 9
caver parlance "Perhaps most importantly, a hole or fissure in rock so small to admit a human body is not a cave; in caver parlance it does not 'go', but for scientists it may turn out to be a 'protocave' if hydrological or geological processes widen the cave to allow human entry." Crane, Cave 10
cave salamander "Reddish orange with dark spots, the cave salamander begins life in the water." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 40

Violet entrance, Mammoth Cave

cave scene
  • "In the cave scene in Raiders of the Lost Ark, the cave is crawing with tarantulas- that's how som earachnophobic people imagine caves." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 48
  • "In this crucial, disturbing cave scene Ondaatje intersects the multiple images of the womb and the tomb that are so frequently associated with caves in literature." Crane, Cave 135
  • "Trickett is shown with theodolite, though the photo of him was actually taken in a studio and superimposed on the cave scene (Middleton, 19991:105)." Shaw, cave science 61
cave scholarship "William Buckland, who wrote the first great classic of British speleology, would have had no sense of himself as a member of a community of cave explorers or scientists, nor would he have thought of his research first and foremost in relation to a tradition of cave scholarship." Crane, Cave 28
cave science
  • The desire to forge new frontiers became mingled with a desire to trace our evolutionsary roots....Clearly this period was pivotal in the history of cave science, but the story of speleology's rapid growth is even today still only in its early chapters." Crane, Cave 34
  • "The future of cave and karst microbiology research, and potentiallly most of the cave sciences, will improve by connecting phylogeny to function and by utilizing a combination of culture-, genomics-, and protocomics-based analyses." Engel, Microbes 23
  • "There is a marked increase in the use of geological language in Auden's poem compared to Coleridge's, which is in keeping with the development of cave science between 1797, when Coleridge composed 'Kublan Khan', and 1948, when Auden wrote his poem." Crane, Cave 131
cave science historian "For the cave science historian Trevor Shaw, Baron Valvasor was the 'first true speleologist' for both the fullness of his descriptions an dhis original observation that caves and subterranean waterways are parts of a larger hydrological system." Crane, Cave 27
cave scientist
  • "Cave scientists distinguish between the geomorphology of 'true karst' - formed principally through the solution of rock by water - and 'pseudokarst' - in which caves and associated landforms develop through processes other than solution, from the weathering of rock by wind and rain or the erosive effects of turbulent melt water, to the flow of lava or the fracturing of rock by tectonic movements." Crane, Cave 23
  • Many cavers and cave scientists consider Frenchman Eduard Alfred Martel to be the father of modern speleology." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 104
cave section "Only the Wells Archaeological and Natural Society had a specialist cave section, the Mendip Nature Research Committee, and this was not created until 1906." Shaw, cave science 246
cave sediment "Another important source for cave sediments is dust in the air." Ellis, Wombeyan 64
cave setting "In some shallow cave settings, including in lava tubes, plant roots ("rootsiscles") can also penetrate cave passages or aquifers, which can have richt (micro)biota." Engel, Microbes 24
cave shaft
  • "Gaping Ghyll, at 109,7 m, is the deepest cave shaft in Britain." "While traces of prehistoric journeys into cave depths can only tell us partial stories, the distinctive experience of 'being-in-a-cave' suggests that Stone Age cave visitors had something in common with today's explorers." Crane, Cave 70
  •  
cave-shaped "These cavities are cave-shaped and have a crystal lining up to 100 mm thick." Ellis, Wombeyan 64
cave shrimp "The endangered Kentucky cave shrimp lives only in the Mammoth Cave area in base-level streams and pools." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 38
cave shrine
  • "In Thailand alone it is estimated that over 200 caves are regularly used as places of Buddhist worship, including the impressive Tham Khao Luang, which, like many other cave shrines in Thailand, is now also a firm fixture on the tourist trail." Crane, Cave 157
cave silt "Even the brown pigment of cave silt is attributable to the bacterial oxidation of ferrous ions to geothite." Ellis, Wombeyan 133
cave site
  • "Other notable archaeological cave sites in Australia are found in the karst areas in the inland southwestern part of Tasmania." Crane, Cave 113
cave situation "A number of guidelines relevant to the cave situation may be extracted from the uranium mines recommendations." Gamble, Alpha-radiation 255
cave size "Wollondilly Cave...Due to the caves size and vertical range, the drips being studied provide good spacial distribution and exhibit a range of flow regimes." Ellis, Wombeyan 77
cave society "The earliest cave society of all was the Höhlenclub of Appenzell in eastern Switzerland, which existed in the early 1860s." Shaw, cave science 247
cave soil "Cave soils and surfaces are often rather oligotrophic (nutrient poor) and actinomycetes are very well adapted to this type of environment." Ellis, Wombeyan 133
cave species "Both these and the other cave species needed in the laboratory were obtained from nearby caves and in 1903 the university bought the land containing Farm Cave." Shaw, cave science 242
cave spider "The communal cave spider builds a thick messy web with funnels inot which the spider retreats." Ellis, Wombeyan 122
cave stream
  • "Tiny aquatic isopods live in cave streams." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 38
  • "Because microbes colonize virtually every surface and interface with all zones of a cave system including in cave streams with dynamic geochemical interfaces, understanding microbial diversity and function is central to all of the karst-related sciences." Engel, Microbes 23
  • "Below is a cave stream that leads to the wild section of Junction Cave and the spacious and beautifully decorated Olympian Cavern." Ellis, Wombeyan 49
cave student "A stagnation of cave air does not exist, and no cave student would pretend to say it existed."  Balch,Glacières 304
cave study
  • "These cavers, for the most part, are or have been involved in one or more extensive cave study, research, exploration or other cave related project." Wilson, Solo Cave Myth 21
  • "It was during the second half of the 19th century that a conscious effort was made to bring the various branches of cave study together, both in research and and in publication." Shaw, cave science 2
  • "The earliest word used for this purpose in any language was Höhlenkunde, meaning cave study." Shaw, cave science 2
cave survey
  • "However, some of the cave surveys have been included with the descriptions." Ellis, Wombeyan 167
  • "Two windows in p43, at a depth of 220-250 m, were shown on the cave survey made during the period, but remained unexplored." Klimchouk, Kubera 26
  • "The first published cave survey of a natural cave, that of Pen Park Hole, in 1683." Shaw, cave science 240
cave surveyor "Cave surveyors often locate the boundary between inside and outside at the 'drip line', beyond which rain does not fall to the ground." Crane, Cave 19
cave swiftlet "The junction was guarded by a two metre long snake, alive and thriving on passing cave swiftlets." Brook, D., Waltham, A.C. (1979): The Underworld of Mulu, part 2, Caving International Magazine 2, p 6
cave system
  • "The ancient cave system revealed where an underground river hat cut through the limestone, leaving seven different levels high and dry and covered with beautiful calcite draperies." Eyre, Cave Explorers 33
  • "The active speleologist and research scientist are probably the most severely exposed visitors to cave systems though visits are usually of less duration than guides." Gamble, Alpha-radiation 258
  • "Mount Rainier....Winter trips haave never regained their proper role in the study of this cave system." Halliday, Glaciospeleology 32
cave talk "In cave talk, the word formation often refers to a decoration such as a stalactite, but in names such as "St. Louis Formation" it refers to a specific section of bedrock." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 9
cave temperature "Cave temperatures well away from entrances reflect the mean annual surface temperature (MAT) and this, in combination with stable isotopes, has been used in previous studies to determine paleotemperatures." Ellis, Wombeyan 77
cave temple
  • "Religious monuments and shrines have been cut out of cliffs, rock shelters have been expanded inot cave temples; and churches have been built in the cathedral-like chambers of larger cave entrances." Crane, Cave 148
  • "The Romans constructed cave temples dedicated to the underground god Mithras." McFarlane, Underland 184
cave tour
  • "Aggtelek National Park in Hungary offers not only recreational cave tours for tourists but also speleotherapy for children with asthma in Beke Cave, which was declared a medicinal cave in 1965." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities  98
  • "....Wookey Hole theme park, where again the cave tour is only one of the several activities on offer, and visitors wishing to see Gough's Cave or Cox's Cave must by a Cheddar Gorge and Caves Explorer ticket, which also includes entry to the Crystal Quest fantasy adventure, the Cheddar Man Museum..." Crane, Cave 172
cave tourism
  • "Cave tourism dates back to the beginning of the sixteenth century when people began to visit the spectacular Postojnska jama in Slovenia on a regular basis." Crane, Cave 160
cave tour group "In 1999, a big woman had trouble keeping up with er cave tour group, so Alan Sizemore, the guide whose job it was to bring up the rear, slowly walked her out separetely." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 206
cave tourist "Curiously he also offers advice on appropriate dress, giving us a good idea of what cave tourists would have looked like as they wandered through the subterranean passages 150 years ago." Crane, Cave 162
cave tour route "As of June 2015, I counted about fifty rocks that had fallen on cave tour routes." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 11
cave tour ticket "While working in ticket sales in the spring of 1994, I saw a woman who looked like Karen Grassle, the actress...buy a cave tour ticket." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 204
cave train
  • "Postojna jama...The most significant development, however, took place in 1872 when rails were laid and the first cave train, originally pushed by the guides, began to carry tourists." Crane, Cave 161
cave trip "In spite of these testimonials, modern park rangers don't recommend cave trips for people with dysentery, diarrhea, or delicate health." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 96
cave trolls "It was from the caverns of the Misty Mountains that the cave trolls emerged." Crane, Cave 136
cave tubing
  • "Thrill-seeking visitors can choose from a wide range of subterranean adventure tours that offer activities such as cave tubing (blackwater rafting), abseiling, climbing, underground flying foxes ..." Crane, Cave 186
cave type "This cave type is called Karava, shallow cave, not longer than 20-30 m." Ciszewski, Easter Island 37
cave ventilation "Throughout the monitoring period, and in all cases, cave ventilation was slight and inwards." Gamble, Alpha-radiation 257
cave visit "This was from cave visits by non-specialist travellers, whether they were visiting little known lands or merely going on a holiday or the Grand Tour of Europe." Shaw, cave science 245
cave visitor
  • "On tours, cave visitors may see marine-fossils such as coral and crinoids that became fossilized as the limestone formed under the sea, but the cave also holds treasures that few people see." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 21
  • "While traces of prehistoric journeys into cave depths can only tell us partial stories, the distinctive experience of 'being-in-a-cave' suggests that Stone Age cave visitors had something in common with today's explorers." Crane, Cave 69
cave wall
  • "A large fire burns behind the prisoners and a procession of men carrying stone figures passes above them, casting shadows as in a puppet show onto the cave wall." Crane, Cave 16
  • "It is possible to establish how many times Wombeyan Creek flowed through this chamber, but cemented river gravels and red clay can be seen perched at numerous levels on the cavern wall. Ellis, Wombeyan 49
cave war "Kentuckx's cave country was struck by war in the early to midtwentieth century: a cave war." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 111
cave water "Such limestone is resistant to acid breakdown; instead of being dissolved by cave waters, it tends to collapse into blocks, having the effect of ponding large amounts of water and preventing further cave development." Eyre, Cave Explorers 238
cave work "This chapter examines the various ways in which cave work was encouraged and disseminated - by books and publications, by museum collections and lectures, by government sponsorship and by the activities of scientific societies." Shaw, cave science 240
cave zone
  • "There are no clear divisions between the three cave 'zones' - or indeed between the cave and the surface environment - expecially in metereological and ecological terms." Crane, Cave 22
  • "In all cases, sites were selected to show the transition from entrance to deep cave zones, and variations from constricted passages in large chambers as appropriate to individual caves." Gamble, Alpha-radiation 257
  • "Consequently, the genetic diversity of cave and karst microbial communities may be particularly important to characterize and understand microbial species and ecotype concepts because of the global distribution of caves having similar hysico-chemical constraints from cave zone to cave zone, and frm cave to cave in different regions." Engel, Microbes 23

 

cavebiota "Cave microflora - the microscopic bacteria and funghi that live and often thrive in limestone caves- comprise a considerable proportion of the overall cavebiota, but they often overworked as signifikant karst life-forms." Ellis, Wombeyan 133
caver
  • "A caver can see only a small section of passage at any one time." Crane, Cave 38
  • "However, such is the way of cavers, that it was eighteen years before full documentation was complete and even as it left the printers, it was out of date, because even more cave passages had been discovered." Eyre, Cave Explorers 35
  • "Battered gypsum crust und stone worn from beating on other rocks indicate prehistoric cavers were mining gypsum from the walls." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 73
caver's dream "High forested limestone and high rainfall combine to make New Guinea a caver's dream." Montgomery, Atea Expeditions 7
caver's light "This is the real thrill of caving - to know you are looking at something no one else has ever seen, many thousand years of evolution captured in the flash of a caver's light, a moment in time that is yours alone.." Eyre, Cave Explorers 262
caver artist "Notable among these caver artists, whose work is intended to appeal to a caving subculture rather than to have resonance with a broader artistic culture, are Robin Gray and Rhian Hicks." Crane, Cave 122
caver education "Caver education is difficult if the cavers don't want to be educated." Tom Rea on, 26
cavern
  • "You once raised me from the depths of despair to an elevation of happiness that was high as the highest pinnacle of the caverns of Kentucky; raising me from the depts of Chimborazo." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 185
  • "Groups of speleothems gather in alcoves on the walls and in numerous places around this cavern." Ellis, Wombeyan 49
cavern wall "It is possible to establish how many times Wombeyan Creek flowed through this chamber, but cemented river gravels and red clay can be seen perched at numerous levels on the cavern wall. Ellis, Wombeyan 49
caving
  • "In 1953 C.H.D. Cullingford, an early British authority on caving, described speleology as 'an infant science'." Crane, Cave 34
  • "This was a new dimension to caving, and we achieved our first success in Easegill as we tackled a boisterous waterfall at the end of a major inlet that rejoiced in the name of Green and Smelly, a name given by the underground team during the original exploration." Eyre, Cave Explorers 36
  • "I personally don't recommend rum for caving!" O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 104
caving accident "There have already been three fatal caving accidents in Scotland." Oldham, Scotland ix
caving administrator "De Joly, an acitve caver and caving administrator for over 60 years, was particularly interested in the Causses de Languedoc, wher in 1935 he discovered the Aven d'Orgnac in the Ardèche region." Crane, Cave 74
caving adventure "Fortunately one of their friends knew about their earlier caving adventures and he called the Cave Rescue Service." Hegedüs, cave rescue in Hungary 55
caving authority "This is now a world-famous organisation and a foremost caving authority, with volumes of research and extensive cave exploration accomplished." Eyre, Cave Explorers 96
caving area "Now in the 1970 with motorways leading from every caving region to Scotland, the legions of cavers are following in the footsteps of the climbers, and discovering for themselves the advantages of Britain's most underrated caving area." Oldham,  Scotland v
caving background "Members don't have to be expert caves, but they do need some caving background." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 105
caving book "I was an avid reader of Norbert Casteret's prolific output of caving books, and determined someday to explore some of the mysterious caverns he desccribed so well." Eyre, Cave Explorers 71
caving career "We managed to bring her to the surface and she finished her caving career as a happy mother a few years later." Hegedüs, cave rescue in Hungary 55
caving circle
  • Jim Eyre has long been a legend in British caving circles, and had top cavers, like climbers, become household names would have been widely known." Eyre, Cave Explorers VII
caving clothes "One a.m. saw us still in wet caving clothes, having a brew at the Ingleton Transport Cafe, when we were told that Leeds University students were overdue, having gone down Peg Leg." Eyre, Cave Explorers 
caving club
  • "The Cambrian Caving Council is an association of caving clubs and organisations." Stratford, South Wales 6
  • "At present, there are caving clubs only in Kenya, South Africa and South West Africa." Striniati, Caving in Africa 27
  • "In 1972 the British Speleological Expedition to Ethiopia, which drew on members of various caving clubs including two from the Preston Cave Club, surveyed the full length of the system (Sof Omar), which at 15.1 km is the longst in Ethiopia." Crane, Cave 150
caving code "However, caving is not just a set of rules to be followed, though adhering to the caving code will help." Oldham, Scotland ix
caving community "Most of these solo cavers are well-known in the caving community, but not all are." Wilson, Solo Cave Myth 21
caving companion
  • "This may have provided some of the incentive to start solo caving, as caving companions may not have been available when needed." Wilson, Solo Cave Myth 21
  • "We had professors, a peer, diplomats, a film crew, Generals, Ph.D.'s from a dozen disciplines and even the first man on the moon, Neil Armstrong, as caving companions." Frankland, Los Tayos 11
caving conditions
  • "For some, caving is basically common sense, but for most people the best way to learn is with experienced cavers under actual caving conditions." Stratford, South Wales 5
  • "..a solo trip to the Salle Verna via the Lepineux pits. Such a trip, using ropes and ladders, would place me under the most difficult caving conditions." Courbon, PSM 22
caving courtesy "We have published some handout brochures about caving courtesy and about cave conservation that emphasize the owners' rights and desires." Tom Rea on, 26
caving day "And Mason recalls wearing 'an old turned-down trilby' (narrow-brimmed type of hat./ WIKIPEDIA) in his early caving days." Crane, Cave 73
caving dress "The Bulgarian's mode of caving dress consisted only of thigh-length waders worn over ordinary clothes." Eyre, Cave Explorers 208
caving equipment
  • "He wrote books on speleology and developed caving equipment and techniques tht made previously inaccessible caves accessible." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 104
  • "In late July I arrived at Buxton where I had my van loaded with caving equipment, and much to my astonishment, boxes and boxes of toffees and chocolate." Eyre, Cave Explorers 124
caving expediton "'I thought we were going on a caving expediton!' I exclaimed." Eyre, Cave Explorers 124
caving experience
  • "I was completely fascinated with the mystery and excitement of this, my first caving experience." Eyre, Cave Explorers 3
  • "People with no caving experience who are interested in joining CRF can join a caving organization such as the National Speleological Society to get some experience before moving on to some challenging caving with CRF at Mammoth." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 105
  • "However, we made many firm friends and the huge river caves of Slovenia have since given me some fine caving experiences." Eyr, Cave Explorers 101
caving fraternity
  • "Edmund J. Mason....It was a challenge and an adventure and I appreciated the companionship of the caving fraternity..but there is a good deal more in caving than mere adventure." Crane, Cave 66
  • "It might be said that the six lads who were missing constituted the cream of the caving fraternity of that time." Eyre, Cave Explorers 193
caving group
  • "Along with members of the British Speleologicla Association and other fledgling caving groups we discover many miles of passages in thix complex cave, narrowly avoid being drowned in a flood." Eyre, Cave Explorers 29
caving history "The most notorious story in British caving history involves a twenty-year-old Oxford philosophy student called Neill Moss." McFarlane, Underland 40
caving ladder "Never climb a caving ladder in boots with hook fastenings, they always snag." Oldham, Scotland viii
caving literature
  • His contributions to caving literature are highly amusing and have been avidly read." Eyre, Cave Explorers VIII
  • "He later recalled the service, in what has become among the most celebrated passages of caving literature for its convergence of theology and geology..." McFarlane, Underland 195
caving mate "It was during this wild weekend that I met Wingnut's cronies: Reg Howard, who was later to prove a long-serving caving mate;..." Eyre, Cave Explorers 122
caving methods "Being constantly transferred made caving difficult for me, either because I could find no team-mates or because I found the caving methods of the clubs I did join not to my taste." Courbon, PSM 22
caving organization
  • "People with no caving experience who are interested in joining CRF can join a caving organization such as the National Speleological Society to get some experience before moving on to some challenging caving with CRF at Mammoth." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 105
  • "It may be that the methods of sample selection biased the results in favour of more experienced, well-known older cavers who are affiliated with caving organisations." Wilson, Solo Cave Myth 21
caving party "If a caving party doesn't return on time, people on surface watch can check the entrance the party used and begin rescue procedures if needed." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 107
caving practice "However, although we were not getting much strenous caving practice thus far we were gradually getting used to the ridiculously hot and sticky conditions and felt it was high time we struck out into the mountains." Brook, D., Waltham, A.C. (1979): The Underworld of Mulu, part 2, Caving International Magazine 2, p 3
caving problem "Against the slap-happy, carefree attitude of the eternal amateur of the forties, the modern caver is more serious and enquiring, demanding definite answers to caving problems." Eyre, Cave Explorers 263
caving region "Now in the 1970 with motorways leading from every caving region to Scotland, the legions of cavers are following in the footsteps of the climbers, and discovering for themselves the advantages of Britain's most underrated caving area." Oldham,  Scotland v
caving rights "The caving rights over Pant Mawr moor are vested in the S.W.C.C. and persons wishing to visit the cave should apply for written permission to the Hon. Secretary." Stratford, South Wales 68
caving scene
  • "The BSA and the immediate post-war British caving scene was dominated by Eli Simpson, a fine old caver." Eyre, Cave Explorers 29
  • "We were sad that we could not bring a team back home, teach them a technique or two and inject a new breed of hard men into the Britisch caving scene." Frankland, Los Tayos 13
caving situation "Develop a list of typical caving situations where the advantages or disadvantages of solo caving are clearly demonstrated." Wilson, Solo Cave Myth 21
caving society
  • "For my sources of information I have leaned heavily on the publications of two of the leading caving societies of Scotland - The Grampian Speleological Group and the Glasgow Speleological Society." Oldham, Scotland iii
  • "Since the release of the book there has been a handful of dedicated cavers continuing the exploration of the karst on a consistent basis, although many other caving societies have made significant contributions." Ellis, Wombeyan 167
caving subculture "Notable among these caver artists, whose work is intended to appeal to a caving subculture rather than to have resonance with a broader artistic culture, are Robin Gray and Rhian Hicks." Crane, Cave 122
caving suit "Abyss of Trebiciano....On the walls are nineteenth-century aquatints of the region, and orange caving suits hung on pegs." McFarlane, Underland 201
caving supply "He commented on the lack of what he regarded as an important caving supply: I felt most irritated by the strict application of the Anti-alcohol laws in the dry State of Kentucky." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 104
caving team
  • "In 2012 a 200-strong European caving team led by Rémy Limagne attempted to explore and map the far reaches of this vast system, now ranked the 28th deepest cave in the world." Crane, Cave 78
  • "When the original caving team reached Borneo via the kind services of the RAF, the expedition base camp at Long Pala was reached by a 290 kilometre journey up the Baram, Tutoh and Melinau Rivers from the town of Miri." Brook, Waltham, Mulu part 1, 3
  • "The caving team carried on investigating other openings in the sheer walls of the valley." Brook, D., Waltham, A.C. (1979): The Underworld of Mulu, part 2, Caving International Magazine 2, p 3
caving technique
  • "Need and experiment led to new caving techniques and advances in equipment." Crane, Cave 78
  • "I should mention that a preliminary cleaning of the ledges and the use of modern caving techniques which prevent the rope from causing rockfalls considerably limits the danger." Courbon, PSM 22
caving thriller "The heroine of Nevada Barr's caving thriller Blind Descent (2009) experiences the 'shock of light deprivation' deep in Lechuguilla Cave." Crane, Cave 21
caving trip
  • "However, apart from this incident, we had an enjoyable caving trip, and Saturday evening saw us, slightly bedraggled with mud behind our ears, heading for the back room of the Eagle where the local cavers congregated of a Saturday evening." Eyre, Cave Explorers 122
  • "A large swath was cut in the forest above the sink and a base camp established which, with hot showers, electric lights, log bunkrooms and a helipad, must equal anything ever seen on a caving trip." Montgomery, Atea Expeditions 9
caving vehicle "Only two years ago the highway was finally sealed, burying forever all potholes, corrugations and bull dust along the old road - and putting to an end a long era of beaten-up or rattled-to-death caving vehicles." Lewis, Nullabor Plain 3
caving world "Under the tutelagew of he father of modern French cave exploration, Norbert Casteret, Loubens led numerous mid twentieth-century explorations in the Pyrenees, which were at that time considered 'the Himalayas' of the caving world." McFarlane, Underland 193
cemetery cave "One cemetery cave near Ahu Akahana was also examined." Ciszewski, Easter Island 44
central cave "These central caves are not the only virtual caves." Kempe, Kircher 61
cliff cave "Cliff caves are those where the entrance is at the base or in the side of a cliff." Balch,Glacières 120
commercial cave
  • "The occasional tourist visiting a commercial cave." Gamble, Alpha-radiation 258
  • "In the pages that follow, the commercial caves at Wombeyan will be described and their special features elaborated on." Ellis, Wombeyan 41
drainage cavern "Remnants of fossil drainage cavern in the ice were easily observed there." Halliday, Glaciospeleology 31
dripstone cave "The eponymous hero of Mark Twain's The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is lost in a dripstone cave with Becky Thatcher." Crane, Cave 123
embryo cave "At this time the embryo cave would have lain deeper in the marble than at present, where the ceiling is only some eight meters below the surface." Ellis, Wombeyan 41
facsimile cave "To protect the paintings from further damage caused by years of heavy visitor traffic...both caves have been closed to the public with facsimile caves built nearby - Lascaux II and Altamira II - affording visitors a vivid impression of both the prehistoric artwork and the original grottoes themselvers." Crane, Cave 108
Lascaux II
family cave "Katherine Routledge....She found out that some locals had forgotten where were situated the hidden entrances of the family caves." Ciszewski, Easter Island 21
final cave "Thus, these passages, if they are not filled by lava surges, generally form low mazes near the ceiling of the final cave." Kempe, Galapagos 150
glacier cave
  • "We rediscovered flakefall as a special hazard of glacier caves." Halliday, Glaciospeleology 32
  • "This is perhaps the glacier cave in Switzerland which is easiest to visit, and my inspection intensivfied my belief in what I consider the correct explanation of some of the pnehomena in glacières." Balch,Glacières 70
glacier ice cave "During a rather protracted stay a Saas-Fee in Switzerland, I visited the glacier ice cave of the Fee Glacier on the 15th and 16th of August, 1897, both cool and rainy days." Balch,Glacières 69
glacière cave "The entrances of glacière caves also vary greatly in their dimensions." Balch,Glacières 121
glyph cave "Exploration of Mud Glyph Cave in Tennessee (in the 1980s) and other glyph caves in the southern Appalachians revealed the dark zone to be the scene of prehistoric ceremonial acitivity and suggested that ceremonial decoration of cave walls in the southeastern United States was practiced for several thousand years, from the Late Archaic through the early historic periods." Crane, Cave 111
group caving "It has never been proven scientifically or objectively anywhere by anyone that solo caving is unsafe or contributes to higher accident rates than does group caving." Wilson, Solo Cave Myth 21
gypsum cave "Kungur Cave is a gypsum cave located in the Urals near the city of Kungur in Russia on the right bank of the Sylva River." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 109
ice cave
  • "It was against this impressive background that we shouldered our packs and began the long climb up the mountain in search of Casteret's famous ice caves, and the higher we climbed, the more impressive became the scenery." Eyre, Cave Explorers 74
  • "In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein the tortured monster finds refuge in ice caves remote from human habitation." Crane, Cave 125
  • "A few scratches with the axe - the most invaluable fried in an ice cave - were necessary at one place to improve our footing." Balch, Glacières 22
in-and-out cave
  • "Tinted Cave is a complex in-and-out cave, being the remnant of old routes of Mares Forest Creek." Ellis, Wombeyan 51
jungle cave "Who else had set out to explore remote jungle caves to ascertain whether, as claimed by von Däniken, these extensive passages were made by spacemen from another culture on another planet using lasers and thermal lances?" Frankland, Los Tayos 11
karst cave "During Spring, 1980, a preliminary investigation was conducted into alpha-radiation concentrations in karst caves of the Transvall, South Africa." Gamble, Alpha-Radiation 254
lava cave
  • "Since then, the number of caves and the kilometers surveyed my members of thee Hawaiian Speleological Survey and other organizations has been multiplied by a factor probably close to 100; illustrating the outstanding role of the Hawaiian volcanism in the understand of the underlying processes responsible for lave cave genesis." Kempe, Galapagos 144
  • "The lava caves are found mostly in Cameroon and Kenya." Striniati, Caving in Africa 27
limestone cave
  • "The cave seemed to present much the same challenges and rewards as limestone caves - and its glistening." Halliday, Glaciospeleology 32
  • "The second tradition, called Karake after the cave where it was first seen, is characterized by deeply engraved and weathered circles, and has been found only in limestone caves in the Mount Gambier region." Crane, Cave 113
  • "Visiting limestone caves gives us a unique opportunity to see rocks and landscaped from the outside on the surface and from the inside as we travel through the caves." Ellis, Wombeyan 55
littoral cave "In Scotland a small littoral cave (a sea cave formed by wave action) was used as a shelter by St Ninian, the missionary who built the first Christian church in Scotland in 397 CE." Crane, Cave 149
main cave
  • "Each section contains an area map, descriptions of the main caves and a list of lesser caves and sites of speleological interest." Stratford, South Wales 8
  • "Batu Caves...The main cave, known as Cathedral Cave or Temple Cave, is reached by climbing a steep flight of 272 steps and running a hazardous gauntlet of macaque monkeys." Crane, Cave 156
  • "The plans of the main caves at Wombeyan include both elements: network patterns following the major joints in the marble and straighter stream passages." Ellis, Wombeyan 66
major cave "...Goldwater, which was found to be a tributary to the Clearwater system and would have been a major cave in its own right in any other karst area." Brook, D., Waltham, A.C. (1979): The Underworld of Mulu, part 2, Caving International Magazine 2, p 6
marble cave "Unique to the Wombeyan marble caves are the symmetrical domes and arches generated by gthe unloading of the massive marble." Ellis, Wombeyan 40
maternity cave "There ar no maternity caves at Wombeyan." Ellis, Wombeyan 124
medecinal cave "Aggtelek National Park in Hungary offers not only recreational cave tours for tourists but also speleotherapy for children with asthma in Beke Cave, which was declared a medicinal cave in 1965." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities  98
mountain cave
  • "In the sixth century CE the Buddhist Bodhidharma spent nine years in deep meditation in a mountain cave near Shao Lin Temple in Le-yang, China." Crane, Cave 149
  • "This has taken place in mountain caves situated at a high altitude at times when the air outside has dropped below freezing point during the night."  Balch,Glacières 140
natural cave
  • "It is contrasted with the infinite, 'savage' beauty of the natural caves, the 'caverns measureless to man' and the 'caves of ice'." Crane, Cave 129
  • "In the second part of the chapter he deliberates more on the natural caves that are those that the 'divine wisdom' installed in the interior of earth for the natural necessities." Kempe, Kircher 61
  • "The accidental discovery of natural caves when they were intersected by mine workings has already been mentioned." Shaw, cave science 59
network cave "There is less evidence of old network caves here than in the other group of caves at Wombeyan, however the plan of Fig Tree Cave and some of the features found in its more remote sections suggesrt that these caves were not all formed as streamways." Ellis, Wombeyan  68
non-caver
  • "The non-caver who reads this book will gain some insight into the fascination of a sport that provides an apt challenge for the adventurous young." Eyre, Cave Explorers VIII
  • "But for non-cavers, the idea of going underground stimulates horror as often as ist inspires exploration und adventure, not least because of the powerful association of caves with tombs." Crane, Cave 13
  • "It's difficult to educate non-cavers and the general public if you don't want to expose themto caving." Tom Rea on, 26
novice cave "The Lincoln National Forest of New Mexico has established a system that requires two or more cavers per trip to even enter their novice caves." Wilson, Solo Cave Myth 21
novice caver "I myself took a party of novice cavers down Rowten during what I thought was settled weather, and after only suffering heavy spray on the main pitch, we had an enjoyable time exploring the rest of the cave." Eyre, Jim (1981): The Cave Explorers, The Stalactite Press, Calgary 59
obstruction cave "Much smaller "obstruction caves" (formed by plastic bridging of the ice past rock obstructions) had been mentioned in the geological and glaciological literature of the post-war years." Halliday, Glaciospeleology 33
oracle cave "Kircher starts this chapter by citing Jacobus Gaffarellus.., who, in his work "Mundo Subterraneo", divided caves into five categories: Divine, human, animal, natural and artificial. In detail, the devine group contains caves where angels have appeared...the catacombs in Rome, oracle caves and caves of fauns, dryads and nymphs, among others." Kempe, Kircher 61
original cave "cave on Gellert Hill....In 1926 the original cave, which consisted of an entrance room and connecting niches, was expanded by Pauline monks to establish a grotto chapel which copied that at Lourdes." Crane, Cave 153
pit cave
  • "The Friedrichsteiner Eishöhle is a large pit cave, well lighted by daylight." Balch,Glacières 52
  • "Pit caves are those where a pit or pits open into the ground, and the ice is found at the bottom." Balch,Glacières 119
prisoner's cave "The Ana-Kio type includes the prisoners' caves tht are natural, usually bigger und converted into living quarters." Ciszewski, Easter Island 35
protocave
  • "Perhaps most importantly, a hole or fissure in rock so small to admit a human body is not a cave; in caver parlance it does not 'go', but for scientists it may turn out to be a 'protocave' if hydrological or geological processes widen the cave to allow human entry." Crane, Cave 10
recreational cave "It is apparent that in view of the fairly high reading obtained, the fact that many occur in high intensity recreational caves, and the fact that concentrations are likely to be higher at other times of year, further investigation should be undertaken." Gamble, Alpha-radiation  259
reference cave "Some of the latter are regarded as reference caves and access to them is extremely restricted in order to preserve their pristine nature and special contents, such as rare invertebrate fauna and especially delicate speleothems." Ellis, Wombeyan 51
rival cave "The Cheddar Caves in Somerset claim to be the first tourist show caves in Britain, with two then rival caves operating by the mid-nineteenth century: Cox's Cave, known to have been open to visitors in 1837; and Gough's Old Cave which was operating as a show cave by 1869." Crane, Cave 161
river cave
  • "The river caves of hrusica were not to be ours on this trip." Eyre, Cave Explorers 100
  • "Llygad Llwchwr...A fine river cave with a large series of upper level dry passages." Stratford, South Wales 82
  • "The nearest river cave from the base camp was Cave of the Winds, which could be entered by boat, for it was right on the bank of the Melinau River." Brook, Waltham, Mulu part 1, 5
rock cave "This pit seemed to be more of the nature of a gully filled with winter snow, than a true rock cave containg ice." Balch, Glacière 2
salpeter cave "Wilkin's brother-in-law Payton Short owned Short Cave, a nearby saltpeter cave where miners found three American Indian mummies." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 83
salt cave "Salt caves in eastern Europe are also used to promote health." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities  98
sandstone cave
  • "As for the sandstone caves, they are found primarily in West Africa and around Capetown." Striniati, Caving in Africa 27
  • "In 1838 Lieutenant George Grey, afterwards governor of South Australia, visited two separate sandstone caves in the vicinity of the Glenelg River in north-west Australia." Shaw, cave science 60
sea cave
  • "The second grroup contains sea-caves, caves formed by the erosion of water and tectonic caves." Kempe, Galapagos 46
  • "Meanwhile, some sea caves have been turned into shelters of boats, while those in remote mountainous areas were used as hiding places by bandits and outlaws." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 104
  • "A sea cave is also the subject of Sir Edward John Poynter's The Cave of the Storm Nymps, first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1903." Crane, Cave 117
sepulchral cave "The sepulchral caves of the holy commonly became sites of devotion, which in turn were marked by the construction of a place of worship of some kind, a temple, a church or a mosque." Crane, Cave 148
show cave
  • "Did he dream of the possibility of turning Lancaster Hole into a show cave?" Eyre, Cave Explorers 30
  • "In tourist caves or 'show caves', artificial light and paved pathways conceal the subtle transition between the entrance zone and the darker zone where sunlight still penetrates." Crane, Cave 20
  • Elisa Kagan from the Institute of Earth Sciences at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem interviewed two employees of Soreq Cave, a show cave in Israel, who were in the cave during a 5.1-magnitude earthquake on February 11, 2004." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 16
single-entrance cave "The caves were monitored to provide...sack, or single-entrance caves, and transit, or multiple-entrance caves." Gamble, Alpha-radiation 257
snout cave "Helm Glacier, B.C.......Only small snout caves were found, but a pond filling the base of a huge moulin some distance up-glacier was intriguing." Halliday, Glaciospeleology 34
snow cave "For a time they navigated routinely by compass in a whiteout that limited visibility to a few metres, but windchill forced them to dig an inadequate snow cave." Halliday, Glaciospeleology  32
solo caver "The fact that the list is so short might indicate that solo caving is insignificant, if it were not for the fact that practically the entire list of solo cavers are people who are respected for their accomplishments in caving and include a number of well-known cave organisation leaders." Wilson, Solo Cave Myth 20
solo caving "The myth is that solo caving is dangerous." Wilson, Solo Cave Myth 20
solution cave "Karstic terrain is principally formed in limestone - a sedimentary rock comprised mainly of calcium carbonate - but solution caves also occur in other carbonates, mainly dolomite, in evaporates such as gypsum and halite and, less commonly, in other forms of rock including sandstone and basalt." Crane, Cave 23
sport caver "And then there are the sport cavers who find the setting and the atmosphere attractive." Courbon, PSM 23
sport caving "Glaciospeleology....They also offer exciting sport caving." Halliday, Glaciospeleology 31
sporting cave "It was a memorable expedition with about ten kilometers of sporting cave discovered and with countless moments of fun, of new sensations and of amazement at the splendours and oddities of this superb continent and its fiere rain forest." Frankland, Los Tayos 16
stalactite cave "In New Zealand Dr Arthur Thomson, a military surgeon, collected moa bones from one cave in 1849 and, three years later, from two unidentified stalactite caves near Waitomo." Shaw, cave science 60
stream cave
  • "It is possible that some of the network-shaped caves at Wombeyan formed uder artesian conditions when the marble was covered either by the volcanics or by the sandstone, with stream caves forming later when the marble was direktly exposed at the surface." Ellis, Wombeyan 66
  • "On 6 December of the same year he paid a visit to the stream cave now called Yunde-lup at Yanchep in the north of Perth, and he recorded other West Australian caves in 1839." Shaw, cave science 60
supercave
  • "In the same year (2004) the Ukrainian Alexander klimchouk looked towards Krubera, 'a freezing nightmare of a supercave in the Republic of Georgia'." Crane, Cave 83
  • "Tabor coined the term 'supercave' - which he also uses in his adventure novel The Deep Zone (2012) - to name the biggest, deepest caves on earth." Crane, Cave 82
sweat cave "Sciacca....The 18th century engraving represents the main sweat cave." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?)  108
thermal cave "The Romans, on the other hand, were responsible for the creation of the first "thermal caves." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 107
top caver
  • Jim Eyre has long been a legend in British caving circles, and had top cavers, like climbers, become household names would have been widely known." Eyre, Cave Explorers VII
tourist cave
  • "In tourist caves or 'show caves', artificial light and paved pathways conceal the subtle transition between the entrance zone and the darker zone where sunlight still penetrates." Crane, Cave 20
  • "The great tourist caves of the United States, through the National Parks Service, have heen the sites of considerable management policy and techniques research." Gamble, Alpha-Radiation 254
  • "Important artists therefore have tried their hand for the creation of billboards to advertis this or that tourist cave." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 109
underground cave "Most local people on the island live either in the underground caves or under roofs where the entrances are so narrow and inconvenient tht I have been seeing men entering them with their legs at the front." Ciszewski, Easter Island 26
underwater cave
  • "The underwater cave entrances turned out to be the most interesting thing." Ciszewski, Easter Island 38
  • "Milowka spoke of the excitement of working alongside the scientists in the Bahamas, collecting the samples they needed from deep inside underwater caves." Crane, Cave 88
vertical caving
  • "Bill Cuddington, known affectionately as 'Vertical Bill', is widely regarded as the fathere of vertical caving in the United States." Crane, Cave 81
  • "Australasian vertical caving had its birth in the challenging systems of Tasmania and the South Island of New Zealand." Montgomery, Atea Expeditions 7
volcanic rock cave "Within the family of lava caves or, perhaps more accurately, volcanic rock caves, we find both primary and secondary caves." Kempe, Galapagos 146
water cave "Therefore in water caves and in eishöhlen one finds only rarely dripstone formations, and these mainly of poor appearance."  Balch,Glacières 305
weekend caver "This is a view that seem to unify devotees to cave exploration - from committed weekend cavers to the leaders of large-scale international expeditons." Crane, Cave 84
wind cave "The air felt cold, but was nowhere near freezing point; nor was it possible to whether there was a draught: it may or may not be a wind cave." Balch, Glacières 34

 

adjective + cave

 

active cave "Shakespeare's Cave...An active and very sporting cave offering some difficulties and a thorough soaking even in summer." Stratford, South Wales 22
accessible cave
  • "Extra attention has been focused in the literature on the easily accessible caves with tourist values." Ciszewski, Easter Island 38
  • "All the accessible caves were short with no sign of the elusive river, but one satisfying touch was the exploration of a cave that Andy had noticed on the air photos." Brook, D., Waltham, A.C. (1979): The Underworld of Mulu, part 2, Caving International Magazine 2, p 3
actual cave "The fundamental dualisms of surface/depth and light/dark, which delineate actual caves for scientists, are also crucial to the symbolic roles caves have played in the human imagination throughout history." Crane, Caves 10
air-filled cave "Moreover, unlike an explorer of air-filled caves, a cave diver is rarely worried by the nagging suspicion that a torch-bearing prehistoric Indian might have been there before him: the technology for exploring underwater caves is scarcely three decades old." Crane, Cave 89
ancient cave "The Funghi Grotte di Costozza" was founded in 1970 in the ancient caves." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 112
apparently static cave "I donot think the term "static cave" accurate, and prefer the term "apparently static cave" or "cave without distinct draughts."" Balch,Glacières 122
archeological cave "The untrained person who digs an achaeological cave may be compred to the person who removes and destroys the pages of a valuable manuscript." Oldham, Scotland xi
arid cave "A cluster of arid caves is at the heart of Jim Crace's Quarantine." Crane, Cave 126
artificial cave
  • "In Italy, mushroom growing was born in 1913, inside artificial caves near Vicenza." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?)  112
  • "He derived it from the Greek word "speleon" but it was less correct, for "speleon" benoted only artificial caves." Shaw, cave science 2
attractive cave "Its primary purpose was to ensure the protection of certain particularly attractive caves of his area and to extend them with a view of tourism." Shaw, cave science 61
beautiful cave "However, I know a multitude of other cavers; photographers who amass pretty slides; aethetes who search for the beautiful cave; others whose only pleasure is to achieve team harmony; still others are drawn by the mysteries of the dark and gloom.." Courbon, PSM 23
best caves "..when a St Kildan visited the mainland he remarked that the pillars and arches of St Mungo's Cathedral in Glasgow formed the best caves he had ever seen." Oldham, Scotland 121
best known cave "The caverns measureless to man' encountered in Coleridge's 'Kubla Khan' are among the best known caves in English literature." Crane, Cave 127
big cave
  • "He went on to probe into whatever war worth doing in the big caves of Europe." Eyre, Cave Exlorers VII
  • "This was in a great pit, at the bottom of which, on one side, was a big cave." Balch, Glacières 3
biggest cave "Tabor coined the term 'supercave' - which he also uses in his adventure novel The Deep Zone (2012) - to name the biggest, deepest caves on earth." Crane, Cave 82
blowing cave "Such hollows are found in all parts of the world and are known usually in English as "blowing caves" or "cold current caves"." Balch,Glacières 111
certain cave
  • "It is apparent that under these conditions...there may be some danger in prolonged exposure is experienced in certain caves, particularly as there is some likelihood that concentrations would be higher in summer." Gamble, Alpha-radiation  258
  • "..and there are topographers who make drawings or surveys to know exactly how many metres long and deep a certain cave is (me!)." Courbon, PSM 23
  • "For although there are many caves where the air seems stagnant at times, and there are no distinct perceptible draughts, still that the air is really stagnant all summer appears to me doubtful, and it seems as if the movements of air were distinctly apparent only in certain caves and not in others." Balch,Glacières 123
choked-up cave "C.G. Jung...In his memoirs, written over twenty years later, he gives mor detail about the dream and describes a 'choked-up cave' with multiple levels, 'Neolithic tools' on the dusty floor of the upper levels and Ellis, Wombeyan remnants of prehistoric fauna below." Crane, Cave 17
circular cave "At the base of the tunnel we found ourselves on the theshold of an immense, almost circular cave, with a diameter of some fifty meters, rising overhead into a regular vault or dome about twenty-seven meters in height." Balch, Glacières 11
cold cave
  • "Finally, nowadays even some cold caves are used, especially in Eastern Europe for "speleotherapy" purposes." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 107
  • "There are but few data from reliable observers about such cold caves." Balch,Glacières 118
cold current cave "This cave may or may not be a glacière; but surely it is not a cold current cave." Balch, Glacières 35
complex cave
  • "Along with members of the British Speleologicla Association and other fledgling caving groups we discover many miles of passages in thix complex cave, narrowly avoid being drowned in a flood." Eyre, Cave Explorers 29
  • "Sigma Cave is a complex cave, consisting of old cave passages and a more recent streamway." Ellis, Wombeyan  70
current cave "The network caves, and the network sections of the current caves represent a fourth period of cave development." Ellis, Wombeyan 70
dangerous cave "The BSA had discovered the most strenous and potentially dangerous cave in England." Eyre, Cave Explorers 189
dank cave
  • "Send out rippling octaves
    into the fossils of dank caves....." Crane, Cave 43 / poem by Judith Beveridge
  • "In Roman mythology Somnus, the god of sleep, resides in a dark cave that the sun never penetrates, its entrance curtained by poppies und other hypnotic plants." Crane, Cave 91
decorated cave
  • "A little work gained access to over half a mile of beautifully decorated cave that formed a circular network of passages before converging beyond a large broken chamber from which the stream flowed away down an impenetrable flat-out crawl." Eyre, Cave Explorers 33
  • "Ha Long Bay, in north-eastern Vietnam...is known for its emerald waters and thousands of limestone islands...inside which there are hundreds of often highly decorated caves." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 112
  • "Lesser Garth Cave...An interesting and well decorated cave which is used by the local kids but very rarely visited by cavers." Stratford, South Wales 10
deep cave
  • "It is a few metres deep cave under an arched vault open to the west." Ciszewski, Easter Island 47
  • "In the South African Grootslang, a legendary serpent-like creature, dwells in a deep cave in the mountainous Richterveld." Crane, Cave 103
  • "Despite a virtually unproven potential for deep caves New Guinea is becoming a prime target for vertical cavers around the world." Montgomery, Atea Expeditions 7
deepest cave
  • "In 2012 a 200-strong European caving team led by Rémy Limagne attempted to explore and map the far reaches of this vast system, now ranked the 28th deepest cave in the world." Crane, Cave 78
  • "Ogof Ffynnon dhu is the longest and deepest cave in Britain and also rates among the longest caves in the world." Stratford, South Wales 63
  • "We plan a trip to find the world's deepest cave in the Cantabrian Mountains of Northern Spain." Eyre, Cave Explorers 121
demanding cave "The Cueva de Los Tayos was not, with certain exceptions, an extremely demanding cave." Frankland, Los Tayos 16
developed cave "On the steep slope macro rimstone dams have developed and are the most magnificet basins in the developed caves at Wombeyan." Ellis, Wombeyan 50
different caves "The whole contents of a cave and of different caves were therefore commonly regarded as of similar age and were excavated for specimens without recognizing the need to record their position." Shaw, cave science 226
difficult cave "Ogof-y-Darren Cilau....A very difficult cave with an exceptional long crawl leading to large passages beyond." Stratford, South Wales 28
discovered cave
  • "They were hoping to find a route between a newly discovered cave, Dumb Luck, an dthe known upper passages of Great X; success would mean a new American depth record." Crane, Cave 81
  • "Ogof Craig-A-Ffynnon...A recently discovered cave of great interest." Stratford, South Wales 20
distinct cave "Cave databases listed caves that were clearly small fragments of a larger relict drainage system as distinct, separate caves." Crane, Cave 38
documented cave "It lists all the named and documented caves located at Wombeyan and includes extensive supplementary information on caves described earlie." Ellis, Wombeyan 167
dripping cave "'Small teams of men entered the dripping cave as the water level was lowered." Eyre, Cave Explorers 192
dry cave "In Rudyard Kipling's Just So Stories (1902) Woman picks out a dry cave as a home fo rMan and herself, where they raise a family and domesticate animals such as the Cat, Dog and Horse." Crane, Cave 144
dynamic cave "Professor Thury of Geneva coined the terms "static cave" and "dynamic cave" which have come largely into use since, and which practically correspond to the German terms eishöhle and windröhre." Balch,Glacières 122
enterable cave
  • "Finally, in a multi-level system passages will be abandoned and will collapse, leading to a final state of no connected, enterable caves at a particular level." Crane, Cave 40
  • "Nothing was found - the dolines, several hundred metres across, were collapse features containing little or no enterable caves." Montgomery, Atea Expeditions 8
entire cave "Down this slope we descended with but little difficulty, reaching at the bottom  an almost level ice floor which spread over the entire cave and was formed throughout of thick, solid ice." Balch, Glacières 3
entranceless cave "Isolated subterranean cavities, or 'vugs', with no opening to the surface are not caves, although they may eventually become caves if the movement of water, or the breakdown of rock, links them to the surface and thus they are sometimes termed 'entranceless caves'." Crane, Cave 9
every cave "Every cave had its own name as it was used formerly as a temporary or permanent living quarter." Ciszewski, Easter Island 35
explored cave "Over a twelve year period which spanned the Second World War, from 1936 to 1947, a team of cavers that included Pierre Chevalier and Fernand Petzl undertook 65 expeditons..in the Dent de Crolles system near Grenoble, which at 658 m became the world's deepest explored cave at the time." Crane, Cave 78
extensive cave "In March 1773 a surveyor named Whalfeldt visited extensive caves near the head of the Urei River in the Kattaun district of Sumatra." Shaw, cave science 59
familiar cave "Neil Armstrong...With his reputation for fearlessness more than established we took him down our now familar cave." Frankland, Los Tayos 16
famous cave
  • "Martel explored America's most famous cave - that's Mammoth - and made profile maps of it in 1912." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 104
  • "The most famous caves in Western mythology must be those found in Homer's epic poem the Odyssey, said to date from the eighth century BCE, which records the adventures of Odysseus as he makes his way home to Ithaca after the battle of Troy." Crane, Cave 96
  • "Fingal's Cave is Scotland's most famous cave." Oldham, Scotland 54
few caves
  • "Few caves were found by sheer coincidence." Ciszewski, Easter Island 29
  • "Mammoth was most likely his inspiration because few caves were open to the public in 1843." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 185
fine cave "Pant Mawr Pot...A fine cave of large proportions which contains a sizeable stream and some fine formations." Stratford, South Wales 68
first cave "The cave of Corniale...was the first cave in the Karst ot be made accessible for public visits, already in 1633, when its owner, Count Petrazzi, gave it in administration to the community of Corgnale." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 109
flooded cave "The team of divers on the Blue Hole Expedtion had to swim through a toxic layer of hydrogen sulfide to reach the 'living laboratories' of dozens of inland flooded caves and to collect material samples and data which promised to enrich scientists 'understanding of everything form geology and water chemistry to biology...the study of life in the universe." Crane, Cave 88
foreign cave "The planned volume of the catalogue, intended to record foreign caves, never appeared." Shaw, cave science 246
fossil cave "Lubang Angin....Many high-level passages were explored, but the continuation of the old fossil cave was elusive." Brook, Waltham, Mulu part 1, 5
genuine cave "Where these warm hollows are genuine caves it seems proper to call them "hot caves." Balch,Glacières 114
gigantic cave "According to that work gigantic caves collect water underneath the Andes so that the miners have never heard of anything more terrible." Kempe, Kircher 62
given cave "Other names illustrate characteristic features of a given cave: location, shape, size, purpose etc." Ciszewski, Easter Island 25
great cave
  • "Few yards further there is a great cave with a sculptured rok at its entrance." Ciszewski, Easter Island 32
  • "Krubera, the great cave in Georgia, is 7,000 vertical feet deep." Crane, Cave 83
  • "St. Kilda...For example Barrington records they rowed round and under the cliffs of Hirta, the great Atlantic swell making a white fringe along the rocks and booming in the great caves." Oldham, Scotland 121
green cave "There was ... something she remembered in the relations of those lines cutting across, slicing down, and in the mass of the hedge with its green cave of blues and browns, which had stayed in her mind; which had tied a knot in her mind so that at odds and ends of time, involuntarily, as she walked along the Brompton Road, as she brushed her hair, she found herself painting that picture, passing her eyes over it, and untying the knot in imagination." Woolfe, Lighthouse 243
hidden cave "The hidden caves existed as well." Ciszewski, Easter Island 30
high-roofed cave "In J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings, the One Ring was forged in and brought out of the chasm known as the Cracks od Doom in the Chambers of Fire, a long, high-roofed cave in the cone of Mount Doom that was the heart of the wizard Sauron's evil realm." Crane, Cave 136
holy cave "Holy caves may be burial sites, or they may be shelters where a hermit or fakir, anchorite or monk took up residence." Crane, Cave 148
horrid cave "In sixteenth and seventeenth-century literature caves such as 'Those grim and horrid caves', whose lookes affright the day' in Michael Drayton's 'An Ode Written in the Peake' (1606) are often meeting places for rogues and gypsies." Crane, Cave 136
hot cave "Where these warm hollows are genuine caves it seems proper to call them "hot caves." Balch,Glacières 114
human cave "The group of human caves (Humanae Cryptae9 comprises grottos of giants, the Muses or Sy illes, shown in Meditterranean countries, like in Cumae near Naples." Kempe, Kircher 61
ideal cave "Porth-yr-Ogof...Although it is used by many youth organisations and adventure centers it is not really an ideal cave for beginners." Stratford, South Wales 51
identical cave "Almost identical cave have been found on the northern coast in Vai-tara-Kai-ua where the caves are also abundant." Ciszewski, Easter Island 31
immense cave
  • "Such immense caves exist in various parts of the world, natural crypts dating from the geological epoch of the globe." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 188
  • "Macocha...It is 138 meters deep and was created the collapse of an immese cave." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 104
important cave "It is interesting to note that because of the lack of limestone, the most important caves in som countries are formed in lava or sandstone." Strinati, Caving in Africa 27
inaccessible cave "He wrote books on speleology and developed caving equipment and techniques tht made previously inaccessible caves accessible." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 104
individual cave
  • "But in speleological discourse, this limited view gradually gave way in the middle and later decades of the twentieh century to a more holistic view of caves as fragments of larger systems: 'individual caves' were reconceived 'as simple puzzle pieces of a larger master drainage system.'" Crane, Cave 39
  • "Using this criteria we have assigned relative maturity levens to the individual caves with the Tunel del Estero being the least developed and the Cueva del Cascajo as the most developed." Kempe, Galapagos 160
  • "In all cases, sites were selected to show the transition from entrance to deep cave zones, and variations from constricted passages in large chambers as appropriate to individual caves." Gamble, Alpha-radiation 257
  • "Individual caves vary daily." Gamble, Alpha-radiation 258
inhabited cave "The inhabited caves were situated far from the coast." Ciszewski, Easter Island 30
inner cave "The atmospheric stability of inner caves and the near absence of organic matter mean that to enter a cave is to change it - however lightly one treads." Crane, Cave 20
innumerable caves "They were doing that on the island's surface mainly along the coast as well as in the underground labyrinth of innumerable caves, caverns and grottoes." Ciszewski, Easter Island 51
insignificant cave "Some of the most insignificant caves have the longest histories, whilst one of the longst and most sporting caves - Jeanie Barries' may be dismissed in a few lines." Oldham, Scotland iii
interesting cave
  • "The most interesting caves for us are the ones turned into mass or family burial mounds." Ciszewski, Easter Island 40
  • "Slambri Ddu...An interesting cave consisting mainly of a huge chamber lying just below the surface of the moor." Stratford, South Wales 22
intricate cave "A month of work in this area yielded over ten kilometers of intricate cave in the Ukabo Streamway." Montgomery, Atea Expeditions 9
irregular cave "La Perouse...He also came across three irregular caves." Ciszewski, Easter Island 26
isolated cave "Once isolated caves have been transformed into sites of mass worship and pilgrimage and, more recently, tourism." Crane, Cave 151
known cave "There had been a short-lived group in Switzerland as early as the 1860s but its interests had been very local and its activities were evidently limited to visiting known caves." Shaw, cave science 246
large cave
  • "For example, in the crater of the Rano Aroi volcano there is not very large cave that was a temporary shelter." Ciszewski, Easter Island 24
  • "A large cave might thus contain dry passages dating to the Pleistocene period and still active stream passages." Crane, Cave 38
  • "There was one exception, the hole of Fayoun, which presented us with a beautiful entrance shaft of two hundred seventy feet, leading into a large cave covered in crystal deposits." Eyre, Cave Explorers 82
larger cave "The second gully terminated in a somewhat larger cave, whose floor was well below the entrance." Balch, Glacières 35
largest cave "From the Metraux description (1940) we learn that on the wall of the largest cave, tht is 6,5 m long, 4 m wide and 2 m high, there is a depiction of ao." Ciszewski, Easter Island 48
lined cave "Crystal lined caves and vughs are intersected y younger cave passages in Creek, Sigma and New Glass Cave." Ellis, Wombeyan 64
little cave "At the top we entered a little cave about two meters deep, by a sort of portal about two meters wide." Balch, Glacières 6
living cave "Shaw assumes that turning the living caves inot the burial sites took place after 1700 and intensified with the arrival of Catholic missionaries." Ciszewski, Easter Island 44
local cave
  • "False flowglove was also common torch material in Mammoth and other local caves." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 64
  • "Towards the end of the 19th century geological students at Indiana University used to be taken to a local cave as part of their course and a photograph survives showing a class visit in 1889 or 1890." Shaw, cave science 242
long cave "That's not many bats for such a long cave, but in the past the cave was a very large bat hibernaculum." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 52
longest cave
  • "However they did not reach the end of one of the longest  caves and stopped at 350 m." Ciszewski, Easter Island 53
  • "Agen Allwedd is one of the longst caves in Britain." Stratford, South Wales 24
low cave "It is a low cave with its vault covered with over 30 petroglyphs depicting human faces with long ears." Ciszewski, Easter Island 39
lower cave
  • "This passage gives access to the upper part of the lower cave at station." Kempe, Galapagos 156
  • "The route to the lower cave is blocked by tipped debris but entry can easily be obtained from the resurgence about 30 feet down the sea cliff." Oldham, Scotland 22
  • "Then the ice sloped away again to the lower cave." Balch, Glacières 28
lowest cave "This was in fact the beginning of an ice wall, the Eiswand or Eismauer, which turning to the right, flowed through a rock arch to the lowest cave." Balch, Glacières 28
magical cave "Wombeyan marle has eroded into numerous magical caves within a special karst landscape." Ellis, Wombeyan 52
magnificent cave "Dobsina..It is a magnificent cave." Balch, Glacières 15
many caves
  • "Many caves have their own names associated with the names of the original owners or clans." Ciszewski, Easter Island 25
  • "In many caves, however, the danger is not so obvious, but the holes still pack a lethal punch if they are underestimated." Eyre., Cave Explorers 58
  • "Of the many caves that feature in this major early work of Western literature, the caves of the Cyclops Polyphemus, the monstrous Scylla and the enchanting Calypso are the best known." Crane, Cave 96
marine-eroded cave "Again recording the islands as riddled with numerous marine-eroded caves, he concludes that these were only possibly visited by the islanders who ran their small fishing craft just inside the biggest shelter when caught afloat by a storm.." Oldham, Scotland 122
marvellous cave "Verne, Will of an Eccentric....One would generously pay with fatigue to traverse marvellous caves - a walk through the enchanted world of the Arabian Night - even without meeting with demons or gnomes." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 
metaphoric cave "When Clarice Starling ventures into the stony labyrinth beneath the serial killer's house in Jonathan Demme's The Silence of the Lambs, she descendss into a metaphoric 'cave'." Crane, Cave 14
middle cave "Camas Malag Cave..The middle cave is basically one large passage, divided in places into upper and lower levels." Oldham, Scotland 22
mind-blowing cave "Hijau Lubang...The latter had a remarkable knack of finden mind-blowing caves." Brook, Waltham, Mulu part 1, S. 5
most caves "Most caves are deep enough tht the amount of motion caused by surface waves will be negligible." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 14
named cave "It lists all the named and documented caves located at Wombeyan and includes extensive supplementary information on caves described earlie." Ellis, Wombeyan 167
mystical cave "According to Arthurian legend, King Arthur was buried on the Isle of Avalon, however, there is also a less well-known legend that claims King Arthur and his knights are resting in a mystical cave where they will remain until the time Britain needs them most." Crane, Cave 104
narrow cave "He could tell from the tight line around her lips that mentally she was somewhere else, a dark, narrow cave that held her in its thrall, shutting him out." Woolfe, Lighthouse
natural cave
  • "Natural caves are so abundant on the coast as well as in the island's interior." Ciszewski, Easter Island 28
  • "The Paradise Ice Cave of Mount Rainier were similarly visited and immortalized at least as early as 1980. These were natural caves." Halliday, Glaciospeleology 31
  • "Like many other natural caves in Southeast Asia, the cavity had been transformed into a Buddhist temple." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 101
nest-producing cave "It seems likely that the earliest nest-producing caves included those around Sandakan in North Borneo and at Bau in Sarawak, as well as others in the Sambas-Banjermassin region of Indonesian Borneo." Shaw, cave science 58
new cave
  • "In the early days of the NSS the first person to explore a new cave was in the habit of writing his (or her) NSS membership number at the entrance and at the point of the furthest penetration using soot from a carbide lamp." Crane, Cave 80
  • "New caves were found also by the caretaker at Wombeyan." Shaw, cave science 61
numerous caves "The caves of Da Nang, called Tourane during the French domination of Vietnam...between these marble and limestone formations there are numerous caves that house Buddhist shrines, all now used for worhip." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 102
odd cave "Arbroath Caves..The cliffs rarely exceed 100 feet in height and are cut by numerous grassy valleys, so that the explorer can visit most of the 200 odd caves, even at high tide." Oldham, Scotland 4
old cave
  • "Kooringa Cave...The survival of this very old cave must therefore be limited." Ellis, Wombeyan 43
  • "These old caves became filled up with gold-bearing gravel and silt, and the valley also to a level of about 80 feet above that of the caves." Shaw, cave science 59
older cave
  • "Kooringa is one of the older caves formed when Wombeyan Creek cut down through the marble in the vicinity of Victoria Arch." Ellis, Wombeyan
open cave "There are narrow sheets of volcanic rock formed when debris from an eruption filled a narrow solution slot in the limestone and laminated volcaniclastics formed when volcanic debris was transported and deposited into an open cave." Ellis, Wombeyan 63
other caves
  • "Over the years we discovered numerous high-level passages und caverns tht soared up out of reach, to connect with other caves and inlets from the surface." Eyre, Cave Explorers 36
  • "Great Onyx has a big beetle population, probably causing a higher predation rate than in other caves." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 45
  • The longest of the caves, Cueva del Cascajo, about 3 km in length, war partly surveyed and nine other caves were visitied." Kempe, Galapagos 143
painted cave "With the coach tinkling musically to the sound of empty 'Pils' bottles, wo roamed slowly across the Massif Central with its wilderness of limestone interspersed with delightful green valleys, and visits were made to more prominent caves...the astonishing painted cave of Lascaux where the most extrodinary collection of Quaternary art yet discovered covered the ceiling and the walls." Eyre, Cave Explorers 72
paragenetic cave "Flat ceilings, sitting above sediment remnants are characteristic features of paragenetic caves." Ellis, Wombeyan 67
particular cave "Hovey....He was the first American to deal with caves on a broad scale, as distinct from the many who had written desciptive accounts of particular caves." Shaw, cave science 245
pink cave "Chase's pink cave, which suggests warmth, is a place to be entered, the passage to the fertile womb of mother earth, the mysterious source of all things - and as in Moore's painting, a place of shelter and security." Crane, Cave 118
present cave "These crystal-lined cavities must have formed before the present cave." Ellis, Wombeyan 64
primary cave "Within the family of lava caves or, perhaps more accurately, volcanic rock caves, we find both primary and secondary caves." Kempe, Galapagos 146
pristine cave "After discovering the pristine caves in 1974, Tenen and Tufts kept the location secret for fourteen years." Crane, Cave 178
private cave "Father Englert describes the particular way of hiding one of the private caves." Ciszewski, Easter Island 31
quick cave "If you want a quick cave, there's Diamond Caverns, it's well lit, it's in the cave region." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 112
real cave
  • "Many features in the game (Colossal Cave Adventure) exist in the real cave." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 217
  • "The text relating to 'real' caves is found at the end of the Liber secundus." Kempe, Kircher 61
  • "If "ice cave" is used, except in its true sense of glacier ice cave, it seems at least as though it should be so only for real caves which retain ice, as opposed to taluses and wells." Balch,Glacières 110
restricted cave "Cavers such as Alan and Dave Brook appeared, and underground exploration in Britain suddenly took off as narrow, restricted caves were forced into sometimes astonishing dimensions by the 'mini' men." Eyre, Cave Explorers 262
rock-cut cave "The Elephanta Caves on Gharapuri Island off the coast of Bombay are a collection of rock-cut caves dedicated to Shiva." Crane, Cave 151
sacred cave "The sacred caves of the Greek island of Crete include several used for worship by the ancient Minoans and the Cave of Agia Sophia, which has a small Christian church built inside the cave itself." Crane, Cave 153
same cave
  • "Those were the same caves where during the Bird-Man's Day the first bird manutara arrival was looked out for." Ciszewski, Easter Island 21
  • "The same cave (Pixy's Cave) also features in the Hercule Poirot mystery Evil under the Sun (1941)." Crane, Cave 139
seal-haunted cave "St. Kilda... Another seal-haunted cave beneath Diseval was observed from the cliff tops." Oldham, Scotland 122
secondary cave "Within the family of lava caves or, perhaps more accurately, volcanic rock caves, we find both primary and secondary caves." Kempe, Galapagos 146
secret cave
  • "We should have a cave"," remarked Beni; "for we must store our plunder an a safe place. Can you tell us of a secret cave?" he asked Martha." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities  192
  • "Whereas Coleridge gestures in this direction, there are voices throughout Auden's verse, chuckling, crying, purring, whispering and murmuring from the secret caves and underground streams beneath the limestone landscape." Crane, Cave 131
separate caves
  • "A lot of evidence supports the fact that in separate caves members of one family were buried." Ciszewski, Easter Island 25
  • "Cave databases listed caves that were clearly small fragments of a larger relict drainage system as distinct, separate caves." Crane, Cave 38
  • "Camas Malag Cave...There are two separate caves here, but because they are so close, they are treated as one." Oldham, Scotland 22
several caves
  • "Deer Cave...The enclosed valley upstream had been tentatively named the Garden of Eden, and it yielded several caves, but most didn't go far." Brook, Waltham, Mulu part 1, S 5#
  • "Aragonite has been detected using XRD in several caves at Wombeyan including Sigma Cave and Wollondilly Cave." Ellis, Wombeyan 73
  • "Deliberate search for bones as in Europe led to the exploration of several caves." Shaw, cave science 60
shallow cave
  • "There were also half-underground rooms in shallow caves with holes in their ceilings." Ciszewski, Easter Island 28
  • "Mulwaree Cave....Three roots penetrated into this shallow cave in search of water and with time were encased in stone as calcite-containing solutions trickled over them." Ellis, Wombeyan 43
similar cave "Another similar cave had not got the described tunnel and could have accommodated only one person." Ciszewski, Easter Island 46
simple cave "Ogof Ddwy Sir...A simple cave consisting of a single passage for almost its entire length." Stratford, South Wales 21
single cave
  • "No matter, it was considered to be a single cave." Crane, Cave 38
  • "A single cave is known which would supply us for the whole term of a war." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 84
  • "In fact, two-thirds of the guano species recorded at Wombeyan are only known from a single cave." Ellis, Wombeyan 125
small cave
  • "Rather small caves called pahu served as the owner's refuge." Ciszewski, Easter Island 24
  • "In addition to unexplored areas in Mammoth Cave, trips go to smaller caves in the park and to previously explored areas that need re-surveying due to errors mad in previous surveys." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 106
  • "Coed-Y-Mwstwr Woods Cave...A small cave consisting of a single passage-" Stratford, South Wales 10
some cave
  • "Some caves, of course, are natural death traps and any cavers wishing to explore theses types of flood channels should be as sure of the weather as they can be." Eyre., Cave Explorers 58
  • "In some caves the air is dangerous due to high concentrations of carbon dioxide." Crane, Cave 22
  • "The tackle required to visit some caves can run into hundreds of pounds and as most clubs have a store of tackle available for use by members this can save the potential caver a great deal of expense.2 Stratford, South Wales 5
spacious cave "In apparent contrast, the spacious cave of the nymph Calypso is a place of intimate pleasure, where Calypso the lustrous goddess tried to hold Odysseus back." Crane, Cave 96
specific cave "Apart from short notices of caves in Renaissance and Baroque books, texts dealing with specific caves are rare." Kempe, Kircher 59
spectacular cave
  • "Rowten Pot...On the original descent of this spectacular cave, the old-timers had pheasant and bottles of champagne lowered to them in baskets to celebrate the occasion." Eyre, Jim (1981): The Cave Explorers, The Stalactite Press, Calgary 58
  • "The most spectacular and oft-visited cave is the Tunnel Cave at Gley Bay mentioned by most of the earlier accounts." Oldham, Scotland 126
sporting cave
  • "Shakespeare's Cave...An active and very sporting cave offering some difficulties and a thorough soaking even in summer." Stratford, South Wales 22
  • "Some of the most insignificant caves have the longest histories, whilst one of the longst and most sporting caves - Jeanie Barries' may be dismissed in a few lines." Oldham, Scotland iii
squalid cave "The first leprosarium on the island was located in a squalid cave where the patients lived in miserable conditions." Ciszewski, Easter Island 45
static cave "Professor Thury of Geneva coined the terms "static cave" and "dynamic cave" which have come largely into use since, and which practically correspond to the German terms eishöhle and windröhre." Balch,Glacières 122
strenous cave "Mossdale Caverns.....The BSA had discovered the most strenous and potentially dangerous cave in England." Eyre, Cave Explorers 189
subterraneous cave "Kircher continues that subterraneous caves are of divers shape, caused either by chance or by Nature: Some are very high, others extensive or of bottomless depth, or have many entrances." Kempe, Kircher 62
tectonic cave "The second grroup contains sea-caves, caves formed by the erosion of water and tectonic caves." Kempe, Galapagos 46
temperate cave "Snakes, however, do not live in Mammoth Cave (or in other temperate caves) because it's too cold for them." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 57
tiny cave "A little further on, we came to a hole or tiny cave among a pile of rocks, where there was a painted sign: Eisgrube." Balch, Glacières 34
true cave
  • "If you want to see "glow worms" in a cave, you should head south of the Tennessee state line to Hazard Cave (a rock shelter rather than a true cave) in Picket State Park: actually, they are glowing fungus gnat larvae, but the name "glow larvae" lacks appeal." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 58
  • "An opening or recess in the earth which cannot be described as a 'void' - a rock shelter of cliff-side overhang - is not a cave, but if its darker pockets contain mineral formations typical of a "true cave", or provide habitat for organisms which populate caves, it may be described as a 'borderline cave.'" Crane, Cave 10
unique cave "Was ist purely a spelelogical urge to own and control a unique cave, or was it a more basic commercial urge?" "Along with members of the British Speleologicla Association and other fledgling caving groups we discover many miles of passages in thix complex cave, narrowly avoid being drowned in a flood." Eyre, Cave Explorers 30
unchartered cave "In Slovenia, Nagel drew remarkably accurate plans of unchartered caves including Postojnska jama and Socerbska jama." Crane, Cave 27
unexplored cave "For karst scientists William B. White, perhaps the greatest contribution American cavers have made to karst hydrology is not discovery per se, but the development and promotion in the second half of the twentieth century, of a 'map-as-you-go' ethic for trips into unexplored caves." Crane, Cave 81
unfathomed  cave "The creature I had killed, the strange beast of the unfathomed cave was, or had at one time been, a MAN!!!" O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities  185
unknown cave
  • "At first, the settlers who found Mammoth Cave in the late 1700s thought they discovered a previously unknown cave." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 71
  • "In Switzerland, a sudden flood burst from a large, previously unknown cave in the Tête Rousse Glacier and killed some 150 sleeping villagers." Halliday, Glaciospeleology  31
unnamed cave
  • "The next unnamed cave is 5x4x2 m big." Ciszewski, Easter Island 49
  • "This social satire about greed and materialism is told from the unusual perspective of a handkerchief. Cooper, best known for his novel The Last of the Mohicans (1826), mentions unnamed Kentucky caves in this less-well-known work." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 185
unroofed cave "Entrance to Glass Cave, an unroofed cave in the making." Ellis, Wombeyan 62
upper cave "The general color effect of all this upper cave is white, although there is some blue in the ice, and gray and brown in the rocks and shadows." Balch, Glacières 16
vaporous cave "According to a legend, the discovery of the thermal heritage is to be attributed to the mythological Daedalus who, fleeing from Crete after having built the famous labyrinth, stopped near the vaporous caves of Mount Kronio and, recognizing their curative and therepeutic In ...use, arranged the entrance with seats carved in stone." Garberi, Forti, USI IMPROPRI (?) 107
various caves
  • "Robin Hood, perhaps the most famous of all legendary outlaws, is said to have taken refuge on several occasions in a cave, and nowadays various caves, each supposedly the site of his temporary hide-out, bear his name." Crane, Cave 104
  • "There are a number of single-person entries on a given date in various caves, but in all cases checked, it turned out that only one person in a group signed the register." Wilson, Solo Cave Myth 20
vast cave "In this vast cave we must have looked more like insects than human beings." McFarlane, Underland 195
vertical cave
  • ""Bill Cuddington, known affectionately as 'Vertical Bill', is widely regarded as the fathere of vertical caving (descending and ascending vertical caves on ropes) in the United States." Crane, Cave 81
  • "Despite the obvious limitations by poor equipment, techniques and the general infant state of Soviet speleology at that time, the Georgian researchers explored several vertical caves to a depth of -250 m and pointed out the considerable depth potential of the area." Klimchou, Kubera 25
virtual cave "These central caves are not the only virtual caves." Kempe, Kircher 61
visited cave "Erosion is present in several of the visited caves." Kempe, Galapagos 151
volcanic cave For those researchers seeking to understand what happens during the formation of volcanic caves and the processes that are responsible for their formation and enlargement, much appears still to belearned." Kempe, Galapagos 144
water-filled cave "Not only are caves off the map of everyday life, the dark depths of caves - especially water-filled caves - extend well beyound the reach of even the most determined explorers." Crane, Cave 12
well known cave "Gut Hole..A well known cave but of little interest to the sporting caver." Stratford, South Wales 75
well-ventilated cave "A well-ventilated cave might let in fallout, and a cave with too little ventilation might be unsafe for large groups of people for long periods of time." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 176
whole cave
  • "She felt as if the whole cave was shaking, but she says it might have been only the concrete platform." O'Connor Olson, Colleen, Mammoth Cave Curiosities 16
  • "Deer Cave...Because of its vast size, daylight penetrates virtually the whole cave, which simplifies navigation." Brook, Waltham, Mulu part 1, 3
  • "The entrance to the cave is so large that plenty of daylight is admitted, and the whole cave easily examined." Balch, Glacières 11
wild cave
  • "The entrance zone..open entrance in a forested valley - is the furthest most people will ever venture into 'wild caves'." Crane, Cave 20
  • "Some of these wild caves have been developed and shown to tourists in the past, others have never been developed." Ellis, Wombeyan 51
yawning cave "While the Cyclops'cave is both a comfortable abode and a place of cannibal atrocity, the lair of the six-headed monster Scylla is a 'fog-bound cavern', a 'yawning cave', a 'terrifying pit'." Crane, Cave 96

 


Literatur:

Balch, Edwin Swift (Nachdruck 1970): Glacières or freezing caverns, Original 1900

Brook, D., Waltham, A.C. (1978): The Underworld of Mulu, part 1, Caving International Magazine 1

Brook, D., Waltham, A.C. (1979): The Underworld of Mulu, part 2, Caving International Magazine 2

Ciszewski, Andrezej, Ryn, Zdzislaw Jan, Szelerewicz, Mariusz (2009): The Caves of Easter Island Underground World of Rapa Nui, Krakow

Courbon, Paul (1978): Reflections on a solo trip to Pierre Saint-Martin (übersetzt aus Spelunca 1-1972), in: Caving International Magazine 1-1978, p 22f.

Crane, Ralph, Fletcher, Lisa (2015): Cave, Reaction Book, London

Ellis, Ross (editor), Sydney Speleological Society (2004): Caves and Karst of Wombeyan, occasional paper no. 13, Sydney

Engel, Annette Summers (2013): The Caves that Microbes built - the Frontier of Caver and Karst Science, 2013 ICS Proceedings volume 1, 21-25

Eyre, Jim (1981): The Cave Explorers, The Stalactite Press, Calgary

Frankland, Dr. John (1978): The Los Tayos Expedition, Caving International Magazine 1-1978, p 11ff.

Gamble, Frances M., (1981): Alpha-Radiation in Karst Caves of the Transvaal, South Africa, Trans. British Cave Research Assoc. Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 254-260. Dec.

Garberi, Maria Luisa, Forti, Paolo (ridedizione 2022): USI Impropri (?) La fruiione della cavità nell'iconografia antica e moderna, SSI, Bologna

Halliday, William R. (1979): Glaciospeleology, Caving International Magazine no. 4, 1979, 31-34

Hegedüs, Gyula (2013): 50 years of cave rescue in Hungary, 2013 ICS Proceedings, p 54ff.

Kempe, Stephan, Middleton, Greg, Addison, Aaron, Toulkeridis, Theofilos, Hoese, Geoffrey (2019): New Insights into the Genesis of Pyroducts of the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, ACTA CARSOLOGICA 50/1, 143-163, Postojna 2021

Kempe, Stephan, Naumann, Gottfried, Dunsch, Boris (2013): Athanasius Kircher's Chapter XX "About Caves", fractures and the innumerable passages of the earth and the grotto of Antiparos from "Mundes Subterraneus", 1678, translated from Latin, in: 2013 ICS Proceedings, Brno, p 59ff.

Klimchouk, Alexander, Kasjan, Yury (2001): Krubera (-1710 m) The deepest cave in the World, International Caver 2001, p 23ff.

Lewis, Ian D. (1979): The Nullabor Plain - and the World's longest cave dive, Caving International Magazine 3-1979, p 3ff.

MacFarlane, Robert (2019): Underland - a deep time journey, Pinguin

Montgomery, Neil (1979): The Atea Expeditions, Caving International Magazine no. 2 - 1979, p 7ff.

O'Connor Olson, Colleen (2017): Mammoth Cave Curiosities, University Press of Kentucky

Oldham, Tony (1975): The Caves of Scotland, Bristol

Shafak, Elif (2021): The Island of Missing Trees, Viking by Penuin Books

Shaw, Trevor R. (1992): History of Cave Science, second edition, sydney speleological society, Sydney

Stratford, Tim (1982 second edition): Caves of South Wales, Leicester

Striniati, Pierre (1978): Caving in Africa, Caving International Magazine 1-1978, 27

Tom Rea on (1978): Tom Rea on, in: Caving International Magazine 1-1978, 26f.

Wajsbrot, Cécile (übersetzt von Anne Weber) (2021): Nevermore, Wallstein-Verlag, Göttingen

Wilson, John (1978): The Solo Caving Myth, in: Caving International Magazine No. 1

Woolfe, Virginia (1927): To the Lighthouse, London

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